yog - 8-ang yog: 1st ang = yam practice = Part 25 to 25-7
Yog(Yoga): Brings health welfare & prosperity to Life
Posted by Champaklal Dajibhai Mistry. Last updated on January 26, 2004.

Backgrounder To The Study of
science of yog =
to know oneself and one's creator

The following presentation by Prajapati Vishva Aashram Foundation of the teachings to be learned in the practice of 8-aNg yog in the daily yog practice in life are from naarD puraaAN, sknD puraaAN and bhgvd giitaa

The teachings have been compiled and presented on this web site by sRii chmpklaal Dajibhaai miisTRii as taught by guru bRHmH, bRHmaa-Dev, viSHANu-Dev, shiv-Dev and all those rushio and munio who kept the ved knowledge alive through yug after yug and klp after klp for the klyaan (well-being and welfare) of all creations.  pRANaam to Dr. G. V. Tagore and publishers Motilal Banarasidass whose English translation of the sNskrut texts has been used as a base for the above presentation as an eternal blessing...with the sole purushaaARth (life objective which are four - aARth, kaam, DHARm and moksh) that the above knowledge of yog facilitates acquiring of all the prosperity, growth and glory in life leading to moksh (breaking the bonds of sNsaar which is cycles of birth and death full of joy followed by pain and sorrow)......these slok are expanded with explanatory prose to make the learning and understanding of veD easier but without corrupting the original meaning of the sNskRUt text...also additional explanatory prose in included in brackets to give backgrounder ved knowledge to provide supplementary explanation for increasing the depth of our knowledge of life sciences......

We have been blessed with the above knowledge of yog for acquiring all the prosperity, growth and glory in life leading to moksh (breaking the bonds of sNsaar which is the eternal cylce of birth and death full of joy followed by pain and sorrow.......

The SRuti in veD is the revealed knowledge about creator and the science and history of creation). smRUti in veD is the remembered knowledge of creator and the science and history of creations through teachings. The SRuti and smRUti of yog is fundamental to veDik lifestyle.

The revelation in form of smRUti by sanak-muni, the mind born son of bRH`maa-dev, about yog is fundamental. yog means the union of one's aatmaa with one's creator brhmah who is also known as pr-maatmaa, meaning supreme aatmaa= creator bRH`m.

When yog happens then all the dvuNdvuN (dualities) one experiences because of maayaa disappears which means one sees creator bRH`m in everything in this universe. This knowing enables one to treat everybody with the same reverence, bhakti and sevaa that one would offer bRH`m-self.

Humanity will be learning about the above sty (RUTH) of yog to be attained in human lives as humans continue to study veD in the days to come....through bhgvD giitaa and puraaAN.....yog is not what is understood in our present world as just doing meditation or the more current trend of yog exercises...

.. in learning about yog......it will be beneficial to refresh the teachings about kARm-yog from bhgvd giitaa and also the inspirations to date to understand the depth of learning the daily practice of yog......just click on the end of the line at the top of the TODAY'S PRAYERS and visit and study the knowledge of kARm-yog presented to date.....

puraano are part of ved. There are 18 major puraaANo and 108 total puraaAN in existence in this kli-yug. puraaANo simplifies the knowledge contained in ved through describing the history and science of creation and created through the narration of major events that has already happened in the current klp of 4.32 billion years of which about 2.16 billion years has already elapsed.

bhgvd giitaa is proclaimed as the total essence of veD......

 


LEARN sNskRUt &
NEW PHONETIC BASED SPELLING OF
sNskRUt WORDS

  • All the sNskRUt words in the write-ups on this web site are in italics. The meaning of these sNskRUt words as transcribed in English language is being continually included in the Sanskrit Glossary on this web site....It is imperative to understand the full meanings of these sNskRUt words in order to understand the teachings of ved. So please make an effort to visit the Sanskrit Glossary...the karma-phl will be eternal aanaND (bliss).

  • The sNskRUt words are spelled as near as possible to the original sNskRUt phonetics. Phonetic based spelling may seem to be different than normal usage but if the sanskrit words are not spelled and pronounced correctly the meanings could change drastically. An alphabet chart of such phonetics spellings is being developed at Prajaapati Vishva Aashram Foundation (PVAF) and will be shared here as soon as it is available. In the meantime think as a vedik bhaartiy (Indian) and your vedik genetics will let you pronounce the sNskRUt words in here correctly.

  • Please note that this compilation contains sNskRUt words spelled in the old format as well as new phonetics format being developed at PVAF. Change of spelling of sNskRUt words to the new PVAF format will be made as soon as bhk`ti permits.

.........science of
yog
 
is 
the way
 
to know
 oneself...............

 

--------------om guru bRH`myae nmH......................

naarD-muni asks his brother snk-muni:

"By what vedik vidhi (holy rite)
is yog attained by a yogi
and
how yog leads to moKSH?"


snk-muni's
sharing of science of yog in Parts 1 to 23 is from  slok 1.33.26-27, 28-30, 31, 34, 35, 42, 38-40, 45-46, 47, 48/50, 49/52, 51, 54-55, 56-57, 58-59, 60-62, 63, 65, 66/68, 69,70-72, 1.33.26-27, 28-30, 31, 34, 35, 42, 38-40, 45-46, 47, 48/50, 49/52, 51, 54-55, 56-57, 58-59, 60-62, 63, 65, 66/68, 69, 70-72, 73-74,75, 76, 77, 78, 79-82, 83, 84, 85-86, 87, 88, 89-96, 97-99, 100-108 from naarD puraaAN.


Parts 1 to 24 are posted on the yog section of the veD page of this PVAF website. Parts 1 to 24 explains the basics meaning of yog process and practice.

The Parts 21 to 24 are repeated hereunder to have a continuity from Parts 1 to 24. Parts 21 to 24 explains maayaa-shk`ti and that explanation leads to the understanding and practice of the 1st ang called yam
of 8-ang yog practice.

This presentation contains
Parts 25 to 25-7
 which explains
 yam
which is the 1st ang of 8-ang yog.  


PART 21

"The universe
 appears to be of diverse kinds
 to
 those who are devoid of
 purna gnaan
(complete and perfect knowledge which is knowledge that brhmah is everything and
 one's body is not one's "I" but one's "I" is one's aatmaa and not the body).

 To those
 endowed with
 param gnaan,
(highest knowledge which is knowledge that brhmah is everything and
 one's body is not one's "I" but one's "I" is one's aatmaa and not the body).
 it (the universe)
 is
 one with
 param brhmah.
(supreme, second to none, the only one brhmah)

People perceive
 difference in 
param aatmaa (=param brhmah)
 due to
 maayaa
 
(a primary shakti of nirgun brhmah which has the brhmah-ordained function to hide the true identity of brhmah from all creations with a shakti called aavaraN and also to make all creations see multiplicity in brhmah through a shakti of vikshep

 of the wielder of
 maayaa
 (wielder of maayaa is param brhmah).

 Hence a
  mumukshu
(one who desires moksh meaning liberation from saNsaar which is 
worldly existence of cycles of birth and death full of
  sukh ( joy and happiness) followed by dukh ( pain and sorrow
))"
 should forsake
 maayaa
 through
 yogik shakti 
(power of yog)."


PART 22

"maayaa
(a primary shakti of nirgun brhmah which has the brhmah-ordained function to hide the true identity of brhmah from all creations with a shakti called aavaraN and also to make all creations see multiplicity in brhmah through a shakti of vikshep
 is
 neither
 of the form of
 asat
 
(creations created by brhmah which dies after a life cycle
 upon receipt of karma-phal for that life cycle and
 are reborn through
 nitya-laya, naimmittik-laya, praakrt-laya and aatyantik-laya
la
ya
is re-absorption into the creator
 for rebirth to receive one's remanant karma-phal.
 Re-absorption is into brahmaa-dev for nitya and naimittik laya
 and into brhmah for praakrt and aatyantik laya). 

 nor
 of the form of
 sat
 
(shakti of brhmah which are eternal and are not affected by cycles of 
 nitya-laya, naimmittik-laya, praakrt-laya and aatyantik-laya
la
ya
is re-absorption into the creator
 for rebirth to receive one's remanant karma-phal.
 Re-absorption is into brahmaa-dev for nitya and naimittik laya
 and into brhmah for praakrt and aatyantik laya
Examples are gnaan and chaitanya (consciousness) which are brhmah-self)

 nor
 maayaa 
is of the form of both (sat or asat).

 Hence
 maayaa
 should be understood as
 being
 anirdeshya 
(that which can not be specified, defined, described, explained or compared
 for its form or nature or state of being)
.

 maayaa
 gives the idea and perception of
dvuNdvuN 
(delusion of perceived difference between brhmah and what is created by brhmah or
 the delusion of perceived difference between KSHetra
 
which is a field or domain or physical body of a living being in which
  an aatmaa in an embodied state can perform karma and
 KSHetragna which s the soul or  jiv or individual aatmaa embodied by karma-phal
  in a body of a living being which is made of
 the karma-phal to be partaken or received in that life journey)
."


PART 23

"It is
 maayaa
 that is understood by the word
 agnaan
(non-knowledge which deludes one in believing that
  brhmah is separate from everything in the universe
 and that one's "I" is one's body and hides the truth that from the gnaan that
 one's "I" is one's aatmaa and not the body).
.
 Hence only those
 who have conquered
 maayaa
 
(a primary shakti of nirgun brhmah which has the brhmah-ordained function to hide the true identity of brhmah from all creations with a shakti called aavaraN and also to make all creations see multiplicity in brhmah through a shakti of vikshep

 can have 
mukti
 
(release, liberation, deliverance, freedom)
 
from
 agnaan.

 param sanaatan brhmah
 
(supreme and eternal brhmah)
is denoted by the word
 gnaan
(knowledge that brhmah is everything and
 one's body is not one's "I" but one's "I" is one's aatmaa and not the body).

Indeed
 param aatmaa
(supreme, second to none, the only one aatmaa = brhmah)
 shines continuously
 in the hearts of
 those endowed with
 gnaan.

A yogi
 must destroy
 agnaan
 through
 yog.

 yog
 is achieved through
 ashta-ang
( eight limbs or auxiliary means or expedient).
 I shall mention them factually. "


PART 24

"ashta-ang
( eight limbs or auxiliary means or expedient).
of yog are:

yam
(in the practice of yog, the practice of restraining, controlling, curbing karma
through self control of indriyo (senses) and manas (mind), buddhi, and ahankaar
and with application the rules of dharma
so as to live only by dharma)

niyam
(in the practice of yog, the practice of voluntary and self-imposed or imposed by ved
through vedik shastra and vidhio (rites) in daily life
as per dharma of one's varNa and aashram)

aasan
(in the practice of yog, the practice of body postures assumed in performing
niyam, praaNaayaam, dhaarNaa and samaadhi
as outlined by ved through vedik shastra and vidhio (rites)
as physical bodily aid to the attainment of respective activity)

praaNaayaam
(in the practice of yog, the practice of breath control and flow of
praan
(vital energy systems which empowers all bodily functions)
through idaa and pingalaa channels which
lie on the left and right of sushumaN (central nervous system)
during performing
niyam, aasan, dhaarNaa
and samaadhi
to create focused bhakti (worship) of
a dev or brhmah with whom one is trying to achieve yog with)

pratyaahaar
(in the practice of yog, the practice of subduing
the powers and functions of ten indriyo (senses) to
minimum necessary for attaining yog
and withdrawing the ten indriyo (senses) from
their field of operation so as to
control manas (mind) to enable the manas to focus on
niyam, aasan, praaNaayaam, dhaarNaa and samaadhi
being performed and thus aid attainment of yog)

dhaaraNaa
(in the practice of yog, retention of and staying
in the mode of pratyaahaar )

dhyaan
(in the practice of yog, after achieving pratyaahaar,
reflecting, thinking, contemplating
with focus and concentration
what is perceived by indriyo (senses) and manas (mind)
for relating all perceptions to brhmah
and for obtaining divine intuition or discernment of the gnaan of
the satya (Truth) that brhmah is everything)

samaadhi
(in the practice of yog, deep mode of dhyaan with focus on
integrating and merging all perceptions,
including one's own aatmaa (soul)
into one object only, that is, brhmah).

I shall briefly tell
the natural constituents of these
ashta-ang
( eight limbs or auxiliary means or expedient)
of yog
in the order given above."


PART 25

"yam
(in the practice of yog, the practice of restraining, controlling, curbing karma
through self control of indriyo (senses) and manas (mind), buddhi, and ahankaar
and with application the rules of dharma
so as to live only by dharma)
are :
ahinsaa
(non-injurious behaviour towards others);
satya
(speaking truth only);
astey (not misappropriating wealth of others);
aprigrah
(not accepting monetary gifts from others);
akrodh (not getting angry towards anybody);
anusuuyaa (not getting jealous towards anybody)
and explained in brief as follows:


PART 25-1

ahinsaa
is
refraining from
inflicting pain
on all living beings.

ahinsaa is
the granter of
yogik achievements.

PART 25-2

satya
is
statement of actual truth
after discriminating between
dharma
(natural laws on which entire co-existence and the sustenance to grow, preserve and prosper of living beings and all creations depend.)
and
adharma
(opposite of dharma meaning all activities which do not conform to dharma and hence are destructive to entire co-existence and the sustenance to grow, preserve and prosper of living beings and all creations).


PART 25-3

astey
is
opposite of
stey
which means
taking away
wealth of others
through force or cheating or stealing.

Not taking away
wealth of others
through force or cheating or stealing
is
astey


Part 25-4

brhamacharya
is
forsaking of
sexual intercourse1
(see explanation at the end of this part 25-4)
in regard to everyone.

Due to abandonment of
brhamacharya1
(see explanation at the end of this part 25-4),
even a person endowed with
gnaan
(knowledge that brhmah is everything and
one's body is not one's "I" but one's "I" is one's aatmaa and not the body)

becomes paapi (sinner).

One
who claims to be
refraining from
intimate contact with all,
but
continues to indulge in
sexual intercourse**,
(*see explanation at the end of this part 25-4)
should be known as
one on par with
chaandaal.2

Such a person
is excommunicated
from all
varna
(four divisions of humans in a society
based on one's knowledge base and profession
to service humanity and society)
.

If
a person engaged in practice of
yog
harbours a craving for
sensuous objects,
then
any body
who even talks to this person
gets
paap
(sin)
of
brahmahatyaa
(killing a braahman).

If
a person who has given up
all intimate contacts
resumes
the contacts once again,
then
those who touch such a person
gets
dosh
(be contaminated or corrupted or stained
as if the paap (sin) was committed by themselves)

of
mahaa-paap
(great sin)."

EXPLANATION OF 1: brhamacharya

  1. The practice of brhamacharya is in reference to not having sex applies to during one's brhamacharya aashram of life or if one takes a brhamacharya vrat. brhamacharya aashram is the first 25 years or so of life of a person after being born till the person completes learning as a student from parents and teachers.
     

  2. After completion of learning a person enters gruhastha ashram in which the person gets married, sets up own household and produces children to continue the gotra or family lineage. 

  3. brhamacharya can also be practiced in any aashram of life if one takes a special vrat or vow to continue with brhamacharya aashram throughout life. If brhamacharya vrat is not taken then it is one's dharma to perfrom all karma prescribed by dharma of a married person to one's spouse which includes having sex as prescribed in shaastra.

EXPLANATION OF 2: chaaNdaal

  1. a person outcast from all varna because of non-compliance to sva-dharma and varna-dharma by himself and by his parents.

  2. chaandaal persons are of 3 types as defined in naarad puraan:

    a)   a person born of a unmarried virgin girl;

    b)   a person born of
    sagotra meaning from a marriage between a man and a woman of same gotra or lineage. sagotra rule is applied to any person on father's ancestry for six previous generations and five generations of ancestry on mother's side. Marriage within this spectrum of father's and mother's gotra is not recommended by ved and shaastra.

    c)    a person born of a
    sudra father and a braahman mother.  


PART 25-5

aprigrah1
is
the non-acceptance of monies
even in emergencies.

aparigrah1
leads to the achievement of
yogic shakti
(yogic power).

EXPLANATION OF1: aparigrah in Apte's Sanskrit-English dictionary is defined as: "without possession or belonging; non-acceptance; rejection; renunciation." In pataanjali's yog-sutra and commentary therein by vyaas-muni aparigrah is defined thus: "non-covetousness". With the practice of non-covetousness one gets through shruti (intuition) the gnaan (knowledge) of kathaa (historical story) of one's births. This gnaan lets one know "Who was I?" "What was I? "How is this?" "How shall I be"? With these answers one comes to know the story of one's past, present and future. This is the yogik shakti talked about in the above slok.


PART 25-6

akrodh2
according to knowers of dharma
is
practice of harsh speech.

akrodh
is the opposite.

EXPLANATION OF 2: krodh in Apte's Sanskrit-English dictionary is defined as: "anger, wrath; anger considered as the feeling which gives rise to raudra or tamasik-gun sentiments. In bhagvat gitaa slok 2.62-63 shree krishna teaches us that krodh is created from unfulfilled desires or when desires are obstructed and such krodh intensifying uncontrolled leads to total destruction one's buddhi (intellect). Destruction of one's buddhi results in loosing memory of everything one has learned about living as per one's dharma and also living as per the vedik lifestyle prescribed in ved shaastra. This state finally creates total destruction of oneself.


PART 25-7

anusuuyaa
is abandonment of
ansuuyataa
which is
severe heart-burn and mental agony
that
one suffers on seeing
others superior to him
in wealth and other worldly possessions.

arey naarad,
para-gnaani
(most excellent among enlightened one),
yam (practice) have thus been briefly recited.
Now I shall also recite
niyam.
Listen.


 

The above GNaan of yog which is True Knowledge which reveals creator bRH`m is supplemented by additional GNaan by the smRUti shared by naarD-muni in s`kND puraaAN.

Please perform your yaaTRaa to visit the additional
Parts 26 to 40
of yog practice
 on this page on this PVAF web site....
and
enrich your life by removing suffering due to unknown.....

 

---------------om tat sat......................
---------------om shaanti shaanti .....................
---------------om bRH`myae nmH......................

----------------

 


 

why pray:

To get inspiration to perfrom kARm-yog in daily life

veD is the knowledge of the entire creation. ved imparts to each and every creation how creation is created, how it is sustained after creation, the purpose of each creation, how each creation has to co-exist with all other creations and the grand scheme and meaning of this creation. In this process of imparting knowledge veD also subtly informs about our creator bRHmH and creator bRHmH's relationship with all creations singly and collectively.

To get all knowledge through the study of veD is a monumental task ...which could not possibly be completed in one life time...in a life time most of us can get only a degree in one field of science or arts or commerce or medicine or engineering....to get all the knowledge of ved will take infinite years as the knowledge itself is infinite....

.....But then our creator bRHmH, knowing our limitation of the life cycles, has given us a small life manual in which the basics of creations, its processes, its relationships and its purpose are outlined in about 700 to 750 aphorism like messages of few words at a time......this manual of life is has been given a name "bhgvd giitaa"....Similarly for those who desire to have detailed knowledge veD has 18 viDyaa. A viDyaa is a specific knowledge base similar to what we currently know as engineering, medicine, law, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, grammar......and all the viDyaa is in 4 veD, 6 veDNg aa, 108 upniSHd and 108 puraaANo, etc......

....We volunteers, at Prajaapati Vishva Aashram Foundation, have a primary mandate to facilitate the entire humankind to acquire knowledge per se...we believe that studying any part of ved is a good start on this path to acquire knowledge...so from today let us begin that study...om tat sat...

At present on this planet earth we have various faith systems leading to a Creator...each faith systems has its own name and also a name for whatever it believes as a Creator....but surprisingly all faith systems have one message to all its follower...knowledge shall set you free....let us then get this knowledge....may the Creator bless us to walk on this path no matter how we stumble, fall or sometimes give up....but we are continually blessed by our Creator to have the strength and the means to get up once more and keep walking....in the pursuit of knowledge....

Each message in any text in all 18 vidyaa is called a slok. Each slok is an answer to a prayer made for knowledge...as if the Creator knew that we will ask the question in the form of a prayer ....and our Creator has already given the answers to our prayers in all viDyaa.......

One prays to recieve inspiration and one receives inspirations to pray......it is always a repeated cycle....

....om shaanti shaanti shaanti...
.....om tt st....


WHAT IS INSPIRATION
 IN DAILY LIFE

Te word inspiration is derived from the word inspire. The word inspire means to breathe or to infuse life by breathing. Breathing though vital is not enough in life. So to inspire also means to influence, to move, to guide by vaach (speech) or karma (action) through daivik (divine) nimmit (agency) or shakti (power).

Inspiring thus causes jivan (life) to be animated, enlivened, exalted to perform normal and extraordinary karma in one's daily life.

Inspiring encourages one one's buddhi (intellect) and guno which causes emotions to be encouraged, impelled and motivated to do whatever one wishes in life.

The inspiring happens through infusing or introducing in one's manas (mind) or communicating with one's aatmaa (soul) that arouses and provokes one to perform karma in life.

This inspiring further creates occasion, incitement and fomentation in life. Of these fomentation is vital as it creates nursing of life and karma to promote growth in life.

To recieve inspiration as noted above is a blessing given by our creator brhmah to everyone. But one must be ready and open to receive this blessing from one's creator.

Through inspiration major inventions have been created. Great writing of prose and poetry has occurred through inspiration. Men such as gaandhiji was inspired to uphold basic human rights in face of oppressive discrimination of human systems. George Washington and Abraham Lincoln were inspired to abolish slavery in USA. The third President of USA, Thomas Jefferson, was inspired to say one does not need a "religious" institution to believe in God. Mao was inspired to liberate a billion Chinese from kingly oppression. Through inspiration Albert Einstein could clearly see the Principle of Relativity hidden in the 400 years of science growth preceding his birth and thus led science to a new path of harnessing energy from atoms, adding the dimension of time and space to our physical three dimensional perception, concept of the working laws of this universe and quantum mechanics to understand working of nature at the fundamental levels of creation which can not be seen or observed or understood with normal science of the physical world which can be seen.

All the rushio and munio of vedik lifestyles were inspired to reveal to humanity all the knowledge of creation, sustenance of creation and absorption of creation back into the sub-creators and ultimately into the creator. This knowledge is called ved which has been forgotten due to the effect of present era of kali-yug. This ved is being revived and remembered through what we call current science.

Our creator brhmah inspires us continuously when we pray. Our parents inspires us continuously when we stay continually connected with them and serve them with respect, reverence and gratitude. Our teachers inspire us continuously when we offer ourselves as students who wish to have continual, uninterrupted and unending desire to learn. Our spouses inspire us continuously when we stay connected to them continually for mutual respect, reverence, gratitude, love and care and upholding gruhastha-ashram through our married life. Our children inspire us continuously when we stay continually connected to them for parenting and friendship for their nurturing and guiding their life growth.

Everyone in the entire creation inspires us if we continually co-exists in tittksh mode based on compliance to ritt and satya. Compliance to ritt means living live by abiding by the universal laws which sustains all creation based on dharma which is the operating and controlling system of creation to sustain itself. Compliance to satya means living life based on what is truth of not hurting anybody anytime through thoughts, words and karma (actions). Co-existing in tittksh mode means to co-exist with everyone of the fellow creations respecting the fellow creation as it is with its own characteristics given by creator brhmah and letting it lead its own life in its domain given by creator brhmah. tittksh mode is to live and to let live mutual without mutual interference.

Inspiration is attained through vaach (speech) and karma (action). Both vaach and karma are inspired by prayers to our creator brhmah. Therefore, PVAF, in continuing to implement its mandate of inspiring knowledge in all humans presents every day on this web page a vaach or a karma or prayer which will inspire every one to pray and pray to get inspired.....All this to have a happy today, happier tomorrow and future of progress, prosperity and well-being......


Posted January 19, 2004:
This presentation will be revised continually as additional information is compiled from veD study at PVAF.

 

 



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