Posted by Vishva News Reporter on December 11, 2005




From Tamilnet: MARYLAND, USA, July 7, 2005:

A three-day international conference on Tirukural, a 2000-year-old literary and ethical treatise in Tamil starts on July 8 at Smith Auditorium, Howard Community College, Columbia Maryland in USA.

Professor George Hart, who holds the position of The Tamil Chair at the University of California Berkeley, will be one of the keynote speakers, organizers said.

The State of Maryland has issued a proclamation declaring 8-10 July as a "Tirukural Conference Week."

The Maryland conference is being sponsored by expatriate Tamil organizations in the U.S. and the proceedings will be in English and in Tamil, organizers said. Several Tamil scholars from South India are expected to address the conference.

The objectives of the conference are, "to understand how Tirukural can be a guide to humanity, to create and promote awareness of Tirukural in USA among Americans and the youth of Indian origin and to compare Thiruvalluvar with other philosophers of the world," the conference leaflet said.

Tirukural, a secular work that has gained widespread acceptance as the Gospel of the Tamils, has been translated to several languages.

Tiruvalluvar, the composer of Tirukural

The prefix Tiru, means 'sacred' and the word 'Kural' means a 'pithy couplet.'

The 1330 couplets of Tirukural are divided into 133 chapters of 10 couplets each and grouped into three sections:

  1. Ahathuppal or Justice, which contains lessons on dharma and morals;
  2. Porutpal or material aspects, which contains teachings on man's duties and guidance to the right way to lead one's material life; and
  3. Inbathuppal or section on love, which teaches about love.

Though Tirukkural was written nearly two millennia ago, it is understandable to modern speakers of the Tamil language.

The language, which existed in the South India and Sri Lanka, before Sanskrit was spread throughout North India, is said to be the oldest and the least subjected to Sanskrit influence among the languages in the Dravidian language family.

Tamil, after almost 120 years of lobbying by Tamil scholars and political leaders in Tamil Nadu, was declared Classical language of India by the Government of India in September 2004.

Tamil is an official language in the state of Tamil Nadu in India, Sri Lanka and Singapore.

For actually reading the Tirukural Proclamation of the Government of State of Maryland and to familiarize with some of the Tirukural texts please click on the next line.....


From wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Tirukural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. It contains 1330 couplets divided into 133 chapters of 10 couplets each. Each couplet consists of seven words, with four words on the first line and three on the second. It is sometimes claimed that Tiruvalluvar wrote more than 1330 couplets, and that the rest of the work has gone missing. However, this is unlikely since several different writers of later years in different areas of India all alluded to the standard 1330 verses, merely choosing to group them in different ways.


Curiously, the word 'Kural' too has a generic meaning. Roughly translated, it means a pithy couplet (compare sutra). 'Tirukural' is thus a honorific reference to the collection of couplets. Essentially, the 'Kural' is really a vast assortment of interlinking 'kurals.' By most, it is understood that the 1330 couplets conform well to subdivisions of ten kural adhikarams or 'chapters,' each on specific themes ranging anywhere from righteous living to proper governance of a kingdom.



  1. Arathuppal (or justice division) contains lessons on dharma and morals.
  2. Porutpal (or material division) contains teachings on man's duties and the right way of leading one's material life.
  3. Inbathuppal (or the division of love) teaches love.

Classical status

Though the Tirukural was written nearly two millennia ago, it is easily comprehended by the modern speakers of this ancient language. This fact underlines the surmise of many scholars that Tamil has undergone very little corruption, over the years and also gives an insight into the long standing heritage of the Tamils. It is mandatory for school children in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu to study Thirukkural right from their inception into the curriculum. This may make Tirukural seem dogmatic but it is seldom thought of so. Thirukkural has taken the place of a gospel among the educated Tamil intelligensia, but without any intensive religious leanings. Thus, it finds a widespread acceptance as the Gospel of the Tamils, among followers of all religions, creed and castes.

Tirukural and religion

Tiruvalluvar's faith is disputed. There are also accounts that he was a Jain. In any case, Tamil people consider Tiruvalluvar to be a holy saint; and his work is called poy-ā—mozhi (false-never—speech). Many say that Tiruvalluvar was not concerned whether he followed Mahavira, and that he ignored the artificial boundaries between religions. It is generally believed that his works were neutral towards religions.

(Click on the above to go to the web site)

Welcome to Tirukual on the web! Introducing English transalations from the Holy Kural, the 2,100 year-old Tamil language classic on virtuous living, written originally by a famous South-Indian Saint Tiruvalluvar. The text written in the form of verses (each verse is comprised only of seven words in Tamil language) throws light on values to build a better individual, society, nation and world!

Tirukural is divided into three sections. The first section contains lessons on dharma and morals, the second section contains teachings on man's duties, while the third section teaches divine marital love. Of the 133 chapters in the original work, 108 are included in this website edition, the final 25 chapters on marital love are to be included. Each chapter consists of ten verses.



    Verse 1:"A" is the first and source of all the letters. Even so is God Primordial the first and source of all the world.
    Verse 2:What has learning profited a man, if it has not led him To worship the Good Feet of Him who is pure knowledge itself?
    Verse 3: The Supreme dwells within the lotus of the heart. Those who reach His Splendid Feet dwell endearingly within unearthly realms.
    Verse 4: Draw near the Feet of Him who is free of desire and aversion. And live forever free of suffering.
    Verse 5: Good and bad, delusion's dual deeds, do not cannot clingThose who delight in praising the immutable, worshipful One.

    Verse 41: He alone may be called a householder who supports Students, elders and renunciates pursuing well their good paths.
    Verse 42: The virtuous householder supports the needs
    Of renunciates, ancestors and the poor.
    Verse 43:The foremost duty of family life is to duly serve these five: God, guests, kindred, ancestors and one's self.
    Verse 44: Gathering wealth without misdeeds and sharing meals without miserliness, The householder's posterity will never perish.
    Verse 45: When family life possesses love and virtue,
    That is both its essence and fruition.
    Verse 46: If a man masters the duties of married life,
    What further merits could monkhood offer him?
    Verse 47: Among those who strive for liberation, the foremost are they Who live the blessed state of family life as it should be lived.



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