|WHAT IS HUMAN RACE, ETHNICITY, CULTURE AND LANGUAGE...this holistic understanding will make humanity survive or destroy itself......|
Posted by Champaklal Dajibhai Mistry on December 8, 2008
Dr. James Watson, the age of the Nobel Prize-winning scientist posing here with the
original DNA model at the Science Museum in London, once told the Sunday
Times newspaper that:
"He was inherently gloomy about the prospect of
Africa” because “all our social policies are based on the fact that their
intelligence is the same as ours — whereas all the testing says not
The Nobel Prize-winning scientist who helped discover the molecular
structure of DNA in 1953 and who launched the Human Genome Project in
1990, made another breakthrough Thursday, this time as the subject of
research. James Watson, 79, became the first person to receive his own
personal genome map, a breakdown of his DNA that could show illnesses
he's predisposed to contracting......
And we all wonder what and how Dr. Watson must be feeling about his
above noted statement about Africans when his personal genome map showed
that Dr. Watson has 16
times the number of “African” genes than the average white European......
And after receiving his own genome map Dr. Watson says: "I
think we'll have a healthier and more compassionate world 50 years from
now because of the technological advances we are celebrating today."
Dr. Watson in around 1953
|vED OF HUMAN
GENETICS SCINECE RESEARCH...is it going to be another nuclear bomb
to have potential to destroy humanity rather than help.. as Einstein
first thought about nuclear science to his dismay when USA dropped first
nuclear bomb on Hiroshima-Nagasaki.....
The Human Genome Project has been, the international, publicly financed
effort to first identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in
human DNA. The project, seen as one of history's great scientific
milestones, cost $3 billion and was completed in 2003, after 13
St. Paul said to his audience after the crucifying of Jesus: " God
made all the different tribes of humans and gave them different
languages and different lands to live on....."
is the complete corpus of
SCIENCES OF CREATION AND LIFE left for humanity in every
vEDik time era
of cyclic creation, sustenance and re-creation states that all
creations are always created with their specific names and
And each name and form has specialized role to play in every specific
birth-death journey in a specific time era in a specific domain of
existence and with a specific purpose....
And each name and form is also thus given specific powers of Nature to
play that specific purpose role..... but is also given free-will to play
or not to play the specific purpose role....
And the specific purpose kARm
(actions) are to be conducted in the universal operating system called
a harmonious and inter-supporting existence of all creation.
This detailed vEDik science
knowledge of all of the above facts is also being lost
in the present vEDik time
era we currently live in called
at the same time the current humanity is desperately trying to re-learn
this vEDik knowledge
through the current scientific research of all Natural phenomenon on
earth and extending beyond earth in the cosmos....
One of the prime movers forecast by
vED sciences in
kli-yug is the
human greed to
create and hoard wealth for oneself at any cost....and
thus is so true when we look at all the colonization , wars and other
human suffering in the name and form of racialism, cultural conflicts,
religious conflicts, political-socio-economic system conflicts....
In order to reflect with an open mind on the saying of Dr. Watson in the left
hand column in light of the knowledge laid out above please continue reading on
the next page by clicking on the next line....The news article you will read is
expected to make you wonder how badly this humanity need to develop strategies
to help ensure that the tremendous social benefits that seem likely to flow from
genetic research are not tarnished by old prejudices such as that of Dr.
Watson...especially for forgetting that Dr. Watson can be called the father of
modern genetics science with his discovery of DNA some fifty yearly ago....
Genesis of neo-racism.....
Biogenetics discoveries about race-specific idiosyncrasies have a dark
December 22, 2007: Timothy Caufield
After decades in decline, it seems the biology of “race” is big news
again. In September of this year Nobel Prize winner, James Watson, made
outrageous claims about the genetic inferiority of Africans. Just last
week, in a wonderfully ironic spin, we learn that Dr. Watson has 16
times the number of “African” genes than the average white European.
Recently published research on the speed of human evolution was quickly
spun into a story about racial difference. “Race-based” therapies, such
as a heart medication for “blacks,” have been generating headlines about
personalized medicine. And commercially available genetic ancestry
testing continues to fascinate.
Given the profoundly destructive history of the notion, this upswing in
the rhetoric around the genetics of race is more than a little
troubling. Not only is it often scientifically inaccurate, it might lead
to a legitimization of racist attitudes.
The vast majority of academics who have considered the issue, be they
anthropologist, sociologist or geneticist, view race as a biological
fiction — if by “race” we mean those broad social categories that have
been used in the Western world for centuries: Black, White and Asian.
Indeed, we are a young and very genetically similar species. There is
more genetic variation within “races” than between them.
So, the available evidence tells us that there are no biologically
That said, there is no doubt that there are discrete genetic differences
between sub-populations. These differences may have real health and
nutritional implications, impacting things like our ability to
metabolize certain foods or a particular pharmaceutical. This is why
there is so much current research exploring the genetics of difference.
But these true differences, which could more accurately be called “genographic
variations,” only roughly correspond to the visible characteristics we
have come to identify with “races.” Francis Collins, director of the
U.S. National Human Genome Research Institute, has noted that “ ‘Race’
and ‘ethnicity’ are poorly defined terms that serve as flawed surrogates
for multiple environmental and genetic factors in disease causation.”
Given this reality, why do we see historical racial categories attached
to genetics research?
First, despite the conceptual problems with the term, race continues to
be used in biomedical research. Sometimes this makes sense, as when the
goal of the study is to explore health disparities associated with the
social construct of race. Other times, however, the term is used with
An interesting study out of Duke University examined
268 genetic studies involving “race” as a research variable. Of these
published reports, 72 per cent did not explain their methods for
assigning race as an independent variable. Nevertheless, 67 per cent of
those studies reached conclusions about genetics, health outcomes and
Second, the invisible hand of the market will inevitably nudge us toward
the use of categories with the most cultural traction and that
represents the biggest social groups. So, when genetic research leads to
the development of a drug designed for a specific population, the
marketing campaign will, naturally, be aimed at a visible racial
category as opposed to the more precise sub-population. For example,
marketing to “Blacks” is easier than marketing to individuals with
Western African ancestry.
Of course, race has long been used as a marketing tool for a myriad of
products, including tobacco and alcohol. As such, there are already
marketing infrastructures available to facilitate race-based marketing in
the context of health care. Racial groups are viewed as an untapped
market opportunity. T
his past September at the first annual meeting of
the Pharmaceutical Marketing Research Group there was a session on how
to market to specific racial and ethnic groups. The session was titled
“When the Ivory Tower goes to the Ebony Hood.”
Finally, the media has a natural tendency to simplify complex scientific
stories. As one researcher noted, “cebased hypothesis in biomedical
research sells. Reporting the nuances underlying group difference does
To cite just one example, a piece in the popular magazine Men’s Health
had the less-than-subtle title “Race Relations.”
The article opens with a provocative claim: “Ask any epidemiologist and
he’ll tell you that not all men are created equal. Your race affects
your susceptibility to certain diseases.” The article includes a
colour-coded chart to allow Caucasians, African Americans, Asians and
Latinos to map their health risks.
It is not that such stories are entirely inaccurate. But the simplified
version of the relationship between race, genetics and disease may
mislead the public, inadvertently implying that the traditional racial
demarcations are the ones which are biologically significant.
2005 Washington Post headline declared “Heart supplement targets Blacks,
echoing race-based drug” might there be a subtle message that there is
something biologically different between Blacks and others?
In fact, a study out of the University of Georgia, exploring this very
question, found that “some messages linking race, genes, and health
produce increases in racist attitudes in some audiences.”
What should we do? As Mark Twain once said, “Get your facts first, then
you can distort them as you please.”
It will be very difficult to stop those with prejudicial attitudes from
twisting the results of genetic research. But those who produce the
initial public representations — researchers, marketing entities, and
the media — must be encouraged to use “race” and related terms more
We need to get the facts straight, thus diminishing the chance of
ThThe forces that contribute to a move toward a biological view of race
are well entrenched. Indeed, in many ways, this natural gravitation
toward biological descriptions is hardly surprising.
The idea of race has been a consistent theme of Western culture for
centuries. And despite efforts to minimize the biological view, it has
always been in the background. r />
Nevertheless, we need to develop strategies to help ensure that the
tremendous social benefits that seem likely to flow from genetic
research are not tarnished by old prejudices.
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