|ASTROBIOLOGY TRYING TO FIND EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (ET) LIFE FORMS...FINDS OUT CATHOLIC CHURCH SAYING AFTER 500 YEARS...That science and religion need each|
Posted by Vishva News Reporter on November 18, 2009
......Optical, x-ray, infrared
and radio technology together with spacecrafts
are currently used in
Astrobiology and Search for Extra-terrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
in the cosmos above our heads....
.....AND WHEN HUMANS ENCOUNTER
THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (ET) ALIENS
FROM NEAR AND/OR DEEP SPACE
IS IN SEARCH OF KNOWING.....
.....HOW TO HOST ALIEN LIFE FORMS
WITHOUT HARMING THE SELF-IMAGE OF
CATHOLICS ON PLANET EARTH
| Father Funes, a Jesuit priest,
presented the results on November 19, 2009 of a five-day (November 9-13,
2009) Astrobiology Conference
that gathered astronomers, physicists, biologists and other experts to
discuss the budding field of
astrobiology – the study of the origin of life and its
existence elsewhere in the cosmos says:
- That believing the universe may host aliens, even
intelligent ones, does not contradict a faith in God who is omnipotent ;
- That how can we rule out that
life may have developed elsewhere....And some aliens could even be free
from original sin;
- That just as there is a
multitude of creatures on Earth, there could be other beings, even
intelligent ones, created by God . This does not contradict our faith,
because we cannot put limits on God's creative freedom, God being
- That the possibility of alien life
raises “many philosophical and theological implications.... There is a
rich middle ground for dialogue between the practitioners of
those who seek to understand the meaning of our existence in a
biological universe (meaning
That science and religion
need each other, and many astronomers believe in God.......despite the
Catholic Church's condemnation four centuries ago of the Italian
astronomer and physicist, Galileo.... mistakes were made, but it is time
to turn the page and look towards the future....
A LITTLL ABOUT
EMERGING SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH FIELD OF
|Astrobiology is a new research
field, which studies the origin, evolution, distribution and destiny of
life in the Universe. This new discipline has been put forward through
the establishment of astrobiology centers and grants in the US and
In a series of workshops, the aims and goals of the US astrobiology
program have been defined....
To empower yourself with the overview of
reading at the end of the next webpage of this news-knowledge
sharing....With this self-empowerment YOU will find it easier to
understand the context of billions of trillions of
life-potential "earths" that live around YOU....This fact is stated in
the sNskRUt language texts of
vED life sciences
and has been
on the PVAF web pages....vED states that in over
(domains of life existence) in a
bRHmaaNd (universe) in which we live, the
omnipotent, omniscient and
has created infinite species of animate and inanimate life forms...and
the Creator keeps recreating such infinite number of universes in a
dimension-time scale which is beyond the comprehension of the current
Champak Mistry, the vEDik student, who contributes regularly knowledge
sharing of life sciences of vED and current modern sciences of last 500
years suggests reading the book entitled
"It must be Beautiful - Great Equations of Modern Sciences"
(ISBN 1 86207 479 8; published by Granta Publications, London, UK)
Edited by Graham Farmelo who is the Head of Science Communication at
Science Museum, London, UK and Associate Professor of Physics at
Northeastern University, USA...
This book has 11 profoundly deep science- knowledge- based articles
written by world famous scientists including a Nobel Prize winner...and
in a language that can be understood by majority of literate
earthlings...These articles with forward and a afterword gives YOU the
origin of how a few scientific equations in the nineteenth and twentieth
century riding on the shoulders of original science discoveries of likes
Galileo, Newton and others have not only continually changed and keeps
on changing progressively our current lifestyle's standard of living...
but also leading us to understand the primary search of humans as
to who we are, where we are and what are we for....
And majority of these life changing equations representing natural
universal laws were from intuition and explicit and implicit belief in
the truth and power of mathematics in showing the existence of
what human eye and other sensory organs including brain cannot see
....And Astrobiology appears to take us beyond our earth and directly
visible cosmos to the infinite space in which our earth, the solar
system, the Milky Way galaxy keeps on moving among the billions of other
galaxies in which may be the primary human search for self-identity and
self-purpose of existence have already been answered by the life-forms
we call extra-terrestrials in Astrobiology.....
.......TODAY'S NEWS/LIFE KNOWLEDGE
Pope Benedict XVI admires the
sky in a 2008 file photo.
opens an X file
......Experts called in to study
the possibility of alien life
its implication for the Catholic Church....
Globe and Mail: Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2009: By Ariel
David; Vatican City - Associated Press)
Four hundred years after it locked up Galileo for challenging the view
that the Earth was the centre of the universe, the Vatican has called in
experts to study the possibility of extraterrestrial alien life and its
implication for the Catholic Church.
“The questions of life's origins and of whether life exists elsewhere in
the universe are very suitable and deserve serious consideration,” said
Rev. Jose Gabriel Funes, an astronomer and director of the Vatican
Father Funes, a Jesuit priest, presented the results Tuesday of a
five-day conference that gathered astronomers, physicists, biologists
and other experts to discuss the budding field of astrobiology – the
study of the origin of life and its existence elsewhere in the cosmos.
Father Funes said the possibility of alien life raises “many
philosophical and theological implications,” but added that the
gathering was mainly focused on the scientific perspective and how
different disciplines can be used to explore the issue.
Chris Impey, an astronomy professor at the University of Arizona, said
it was appropriate that the Vatican would preside over such a meeting.
“Both science and religion posit life as a special outcome of a vast and
mostly inhospitable universe,” he told a news conference Tuesday. “There
is a rich middle ground for dialogue between the practitioners of
astrobiology and those who seek to understand the meaning of our
existence in a biological universe.”
Thirty scientists, including non-Catholics, from the United States,
France, Britain, Switzerland, Italy and Chile attended the conference,
called to explore among other issues “whether sentient life forms exist
on other worlds.”
|Father Funes set the stage for the
conference a year ago when he discussed the possibility of alien life in
an interview given prominence in the Vatican's daily newspaper.
“If biology is not unique to the Earth, or life elsewhere differs
biochemically from our version, or we ever make contact with an
intelligent species in the vastness of space, the implications for our
self-image will be profound,” he said.
This is not the first time the Vatican has explored the issue of
extraterrestrials: In 2005, its observatory brought together top
researchers in the field for similar discussions.
In the interview last year, Father Funes told Vatican newspaper
L'Osservatore Romano that believing the universe may host aliens, even
intelligent ones, does not contradict a faith in God.
“How can we rule out that life may have developed elsewhere?” Father
Funes said in that interview.
“Just as there is a multitude of creatures on Earth, there could be
other beings, even intelligent ones, created by God. This does not
contradict our faith, because we cannot put limits on God's creative
Father Funes maintained that if intelligent beings were discovered, they
would also be considered “part of creation.”
.......and now read another internet take on today's news.....
......Catholic priests, scientists head to Rome
to ponder alien life......
.......Little green men OK - female priests not OK!!!!!.....
10th November 2009: By Joe Fay: Posted in Space )
The Vatican may be a little closer to deciding how it deals with the
tricky problem of extra terrestrial - and most likely non-Catholic -
life forms, as it wraps up a conference on astrobiology this week.
The Vatican Observatory has been running a "joint study week" on
Astrobiology this week together with the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
The Vatican has been already deemed 2009 to be the International Year of
Astronomy, with the Pope kicking off proceedings last December by saying
what a standup guy Galileo was, and musing on the pagan origins of the
According to Marc Kaufman at the Washington Post, the study week
includes sessions on how life might have begun on Earth, what harsh
environment microbes on earth point to on other planets, and how
life-forms on other planets could be recognized.
Of course, you might be forgiven for thinking the Catholic Church has
many of these issues - particularly the first - licked. But the one true
church can be broader than expected at times.
As Kaufman points out, NASA is already pondering how the news of extra
terrestrial life might affect things down here on Earth.
Clearly, the Vatican is pondering some of the same issues. Some in the
Catholic Church don't see a theological problem with the idea of
extraterrestrial life per se. God, being omnipotent, would be perfectly
at liberty to create other life-forms.
Last year, Vatican Observatory boss José Gabriel Funes told Papal
in-house paper L'Osservatore Romano: "To say it with St Francis, if we
can consider some earthly creatures as 'brothers' or 'sisters', why
could we not speak of a 'brother alien'? He would also belong to the
Funes even suggested aliens might not suffer from that human burden
original sin. Which would arguably make it easier for the Vatican to
accommodate alien life, as it wouldn't feel duty bound to covert any
aliens it encountered.
But Kaufmann quotes one of the conference's speakers, Paul Davies, a
theoretical physicist and cosmologist from Arizona State University, who
believes the issue is being downplayed by religious leaders.
"The real threat would come from the discovery of extraterrestrial
intelligence, because if there are beings elsewhere in the universe,
then Christians, they're in this horrible bind. They believe that God
became incarnate in the form of Jesus Christ in order to save humankind,
not dolphins or chimpanzees or little green men on other planets."
Whether we'll see a definitive statement on whether aliens can join the
Church of Rome any time soon is debatable. After all, the Vatican has
only just welcomed back a chunk of the Church of England, a mere 500
years after Henry VIII broke with Rome. ®
.......ALL OF THE ABOVE NEWS
WILL MAKE MORE SENSE TO YOU
IF YOU CARE TO STUDY
THE FOLLOWING PRESENTATIONS ABOUT
Artist's impression of the
orbiting its star 20,000
this planet was discovered with
....an Introduction to the Field.....
Dutch Experiment Support Centre website -
which provides general information regarding scientific research in the field
gravitational biology / physiology / fluid physics or closely
|The origin of stars and planetary systems, and the possibility of life
elsewhere in the Universe, have long fascinated mankind. There is a
broad understanding that life originated from simple precursor molecules
and proceeded via more complex molecules to self-replicating,
metabolizing entities capable of independent existence and subsequent
However, the stages and mechanisms that comprise these
processes are still poorly understood. The biogenic elements (H, C, N,
O, S, P) and organic matter are some of the major constituents of the
Nucleosynthesis of heavy elements in stars, such as carbon,
allowed the formation of organic molecules, which are widespread in our
Galaxy and beyond.
The discoveries of protoplanetary disks around other
stars suggested that our solar system is not longer the only known
example of a planetary system in the Universe. The hunt for planets
resulted in the detection of more than 50 planets to date circling other
Future instrumentation in planetary detection might eventually
show the existence of Earth-like planets capable of sustaining life.
The geological record tells us that life on Earth began very quickly.
The first evidence for microbial life is provided by microfossils which
are ~ 3.5 x 109 years old (planet Earth was formed ~ 4.5 x 109
During the first billion years our planet provided very hostile
conditions for life to develop. Volcanic eruptions from the heated
interior and external heavy bombardment by small bodies may have
extinguished emerging life on a rapid timescale.
Where and how did life originate ?
Numerous theories for the origin of life exist which are based either on
a terrestrial or an extraterrestrial origin. For decades it has been
suggested that organic chemistry in a reducing atmosphere in Earth's
early history triggered the formation of prebiotic molecules.
To date an
idea of life's origin in the ocean is more favoured. The cycle of water
through ocean floor volcanic systems produces reducing conditions which
may lead to the formation of complex organic molecules.
claims that impacting prebiotic matter from comets and asteroids could
have been the first step to complex life. More than 120 major craters
found on Earth prove the importance of violent impacts from space.
progress in RNA chemistry has strongly helped in reconstructing the
"genetic tree" and in revealing steps towards simple self-replicating
It has also been shown that life can flourish in quite extreme
environments. The research of hydrothermal systems, permafrost, icy
lakes and their inhabitants are a major focus in the field of
astrobiology and provide at the same time constraints for the search of
life on other planets in our solar system.
The major requirement for life - as we know it - are water, biogenic
elements and a source of energy (such as the Sun, geothermal energy,
weathering of volcanic rocks etc.).
Apart from planet Earth there are
currently three objects in our solar system which may harbor ingredients
for life, namely Mars, Europa and Titan.
The current Mars environment is
too cold (and the atmosphere is too thin) to retain liquid water on its
surface. However, data from the Mars Pathfinder, which landed
successfully on Mars in July 1997 suggested widespread flowing water in
the previous history of Mars. Water could also be trapped as underground
ice on planet Mars.
The moons Europa and Titan are major targets in the
search for liquids in the Solar System. Jupiter's moon Europa probably
hosts a subsurface water ocean beneath its outer ice crust. What
geological processes create the ice rafts and other ice-tectonic
processes that are at the origin of prominent surface features on Europa
are currently strongly debated. Saturn's moon Titan is of interest
because of its atmospheric organic chemical activity. Titan may also
harbor a liquid hydrocarbon ocean.
Astrobiology....Where it is
now....and where it is going....
Astrobiology is a new research field, which studies the origin,
evolution, distribution and destiny of life in the Universe. This new
discipline has been put forward through the establishment of
astrobiology centers and grants in the US and Europe.
In a series of workshops, the aims and goals of the US astrobiology
program have been defined and can be found at
Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary research field, combining astronomy,
astrophysics, biology, biochemistry, chemistry, geology, climate
research, and specific fields such as palaeobiology, organic chemistry,
geomicrobiology, ecogenomics (genome evolution) and others.
understand life's origins in the context of planetary environments,
numerous space missions and space- and Earth-based experiments are
currently being carried out, or planned for the near future. Several
space missions organized by both NASA and ESA are in progress, or are
well into the planning stage, that have key objectives concerning the
nature of extraterrestrial organic chemistry and the search for traces
of past or present life.
These include MARS-EXPRESS (to Mars),
CASSINI-HUYGENS (to Saturn and Titan), ROSETTA (to comet Wirtanen).
Future space missions, such as more advanced Infrared satellites (SIRTF,
FIRST, NGST), an orbiter (or lander) to investigate Jupiter's moon
Europa (EUROPA-Orbiter) or space-based telescopes to search for
Earth-like planets (DARWIN, TPF-terrestrial planet finder) will build on
and extend current mission objectives for life search strategies.
Answering the questions how life originated on Earth is one of the main
philosophical challenges of mankind and also of vital importance in the
frame of recent planetary detections and the possible emergence of life
Astrobiology is a research field that is currently underemphasized in
the Netherlands compared to other large European countries and the US.
It is therefore that we organize a meeting to introduce this new
research discipline on a national basis, to stimulate collaborations and
to form a young generation working on future projects in this research
Dr. Pascale Ehrenfreund,
Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory.
........AND NOW READ ON TO HAVE A UPTO DATE
COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW OF ASTROBIOLOGY.....
the free encyclopedia.....
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Astrobiology (other terms have been exobiology,
exopaleontology, and bioastronomy) is the study of the origin,
evolution, distribution, and future of
interdisciplinary field encompasses the search for habitable
environments in our
Solar System and
habitable planets outside our Solar System, the search for
life on Mars and other bodies in our Solar System, laboratory
and field research into the origins and early evolution of
life on Earth, and studies of the potential for life to adapt to
Astrobiology makes use of
geology to investigate the possibility of life on other worlds
and help recognize
biospheres that might be quite different from the Earth's.
However, astrobiology concerns itself with an interpretation of
existing scientific data; given more detailed and reliable data from
other parts of the Universe, the roots of astrobiology itself —biology,
chemistry— may have their theoretical bases challenged. Much
speculation is entertained in the field to give context, and
astrobiology concerns itself primarily with
hypotheses that fit firmly into existing
Overview of Astrobiology....
It is not known whether life elsewhere in the Universe would
utilize cell structures like those found on Earth. (Chloroplasts
within plant cells shown here.)
The etymology of astrobiology comes from
Greek ?st???, astron,
"constellation, star"; ß???,
bios, "life"; and -????a,
-logia, study. Although astrobiology is an emerging field
and still a developing subject, the question of whether
elsewhere in the
universe is a verifiable hypothesis and thus a valid line of
David Grinspoon, a planetary scientist, calls astrobiology a field
of natural philosophy, grounding speculation on the unknown, in known
Though once considered outside the mainstream of scientific inquiry,
astrobiology has become a formalized field of study.
its first astrobiology project in 1959 and established an astrobiology
program in 1960.
Viking missions to Mars, launched in 1976, included
three biology experiments designed to look for possible signs of
life. In 1971,
NASA funded the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
to survey the sky
to detect the existence of
transmissions from a civilization on a distant planet.
In the 21st century, astrobiology is a focus of a growing number of
European Space Agency Solar System exploration missions. The first
European workshop on astrobiology took place in May 2001 in Italy,
and the outcome was the
Currently, NASA hosts the
NASA Astrobiology Institute and a growing number of universities in
the United States (e.g.,
University of Arizona,
Penn State University, and
University of Washington), Britain (e.g., The
University of Glamorgan),
Canada, Ireland, and Australia (e.g., The
University of New South Wales)
now offer graduate degree programs in astrobiology.
A particular focus of current astrobiology research is the search for
life on Mars
due to its proximity to Earth and geological history. There is a growing
body of evidence to suggest that Mars has previously had a considerable
water on its surface, water being considered to be an essential
precursor to the development of carbon-based life.
Missions specifically designed to search for life include the
Viking program and
2 probes, both directed to Mars. The Viking results were
and Beagle 2 failed to transmit from the surface and is assumed to have
A future mission with a strong astrobiology role would have been the
Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter, designed to study the frozen moons of
Jupiter—some of which may have liquid water—had it not been cancelled.
Phoenix lander probed the environment for past and present
planetary habitability of
life on Mars, and to research the history of water there.
In 2011, NASA plans to launch the
Mars Science Laboratory rover which will continue the search for
past or present life on
a variety of scientific instruments. The
European Space Agency has been developing the
astrobiology rover, which is to be launched on 2018.
International Astronomical Union regularly organizes major
international conferences through its
Commission 51: Bioastronomy. Commission 51 - Bioastronomy: Search
for Extraterrestrial Life was established by the IAU in 1982 and is now
hosted by the Institute of Astronomy at the
University of Hawai'i.
to continue reading on the Wikipedia website...to learn about what you
think does, cannot, should not, and whatever exist out there in the
cosmos over our heads.......
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