PVAF WISHES HAPPY svNt 2066 Divaalii CELEBRATIONS...TOGETHER WITH A NEW YEAR svNt 2066 FULFILLING FOR THE ENTIRE HUMANKIND.....
Posted by Vishva News Reporter on November 4, 2010

(Please click the hyperlinked words in today's publishing to educate yourself on what this vEDik celebration by about a billion peoples is about with a genesis somewhere about a million years ago...all sNskRUt language words are in bold italics...)

 OVER A BILLION PEOPLES ON THIS PLANET EARTH
WITH vEDik LIFESTYLES ARE CELBRATING


Divaalii or Diipaavli

on Friday, November 5, 2010
AT THE END OF vEDik CALENDER YEAR vikRm svNt 2066
AND
WELCOMING THE NEW YEAR OF
vikRm svNt 2067
on Saturday, November 6, 2010

PVAF WISHES
ALL THESE vEDik LIFESTYLE PEOPLES
FULFILLMENT OF
ALL THEIR NEEDS, DESIRES AND WANTS
IN THEIR LIFE EXISTENCE OF
RECEIVING kARM-fl
&
CREATING NEW FUTURE WITH CURRENT kARm
OF
INFINITE DYNAMIC DIVERSITY 
 OF
vEDik
LIFESTYLES, TRADITIONS, CUSTOMS AND CULTURES 
BUT
WITH A FUNDAMENTAL vEDik TRAIT TO LIVE IN
PEACE
INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY
WITH
HARMONIOUS CO-EXISTENCE WITH
ALL OTHER LIFESYTES AND CULTURES
AND
WITH A COMMON UNIVERSAL VISION
TO ATTAIN MUTUAL PROSPERITY AND LIFE GROWTH ...

...as SHRii raam co-existed in His reign as a king
of the entire
pRUthvi-lok with a huge diversity of humankind...
(pRUthvi-lok is one of the 218 dimensions of life existence as we know it and is also beyond our current understanding of life existence in the bRHmaaNd (universe) which contains our tiny planet Earth as a little speck in the space of our universe...in the same way as is our universe in the infinite universes that have been created and un-created continually by the Creator bRH`m...summary extract from 18 puraaAN sNskRUt texts...)
....As per the knowledge in sNskRUt texts of raamaayAN
this celebration existed more than 869,211 years ago
in the
vEDik time era called TREtaa-yug

during the time of the reign of
SHRii raam who ruled the entire pRUthvi-lok for 11,000 years..

In the current times Divaalii is still celebrated
in many diversified vEDik lifestyles and cultures of
human traditions and customs 
primarily existing in the nation called BHaart or
INDIA...
and taken to many nations on this planet Earth
by millions of Indian origin immigrants
over the last 3000 years or so of  known history of current humankind...
 
Please click on the next line to have detailed knowledge about the physcial and spritiual aspects of Diivaali as a continuation of the preamble presented above and stretching back to about a million years in antiquity for its genesis.....


Diwali

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Diwali
Diwali
An oil lamp placed on a rangoli during Deepavali
Also called Translation: Row of Lights; Deepavali, Festival of Lights
Observed by Religiously by Hindus and Jains. Other Indians celebrate the cultural aspects.VIDEO ON DIWALI
Type Religious, India, Nepal, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar , Fiji and Suriname (National holiday in these countries)
Significance Celebration of the victory of good over evil; the uplifting of spiritual darkness.
Date Decided by the lunar calendar
2010 date 5 November
2011 date 26 October {these dates may be subject to change according to the position of the moon)
Celebrations Decorating homes with lights, Fireworks, distributing sweets and gifts.
Observances Prayers, Religious rituals (see puja, prashad)
Diwali lanterns

Diwali (also spelled Divali in few countries) or Deepavali[1] is popularly known as the festival of lights. Its an important five-day festival in Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, occurring between mid-October and mid-November.

 

For Hindus, Diwali is the most important festival of the year and is celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together in their homes. Deepavali is an official holiday in India,[2] Nepal, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Fiji, and Suriname.

 

The name Diwali is itself a contraction of the word "Deepavali" (Sanskrit: ??????? Dipavali), which translates into row of lamps.[3] Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (divas) (or Deep in Sanskrit: ???) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil. During Diwali, all the celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends. Most Indian business communities begin the financial year on the first day of Diwali.

 

Some believe it to be the celebration of the marriage of Lakshmi with Lord Vishnu. Whereas in Bengal the festival is dedicated to the worship of Mother Kali, the goddess of strength. Lord Ganesha, the symbol of auspiciousness and wisdom, is also worshiped in most Hindu homes on this day.

 

In Jainism, Deepawali has an added significance to the great event of Lord Mahavira attaining the eternal bliss of nirvana.

 

Diwali also commemorates the return of Lord Rama along with Sita and Lakshman from his fourteen year long exile and vanquishing the demon-king Ravana. In joyous celebration of the return of their king, the people of Ayodhya, the Capital of Rama, illuminated the kingdom with earthen diyas (oil lamps) and burst crackers.[4]

 

In Jainism, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha by Mahavira in 527 BC.[5][6]

 

In Sikhism, Deepavali also commemorates the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu kings imprisoned in Fort Gwalior by defeating Emperor Jahangir; the people lit candles and diyas to celebrate his return. This is the reason Sikhs also refer to Deepavali as Bandi Chhorh Divas, "the day of release of detainees". Deepavali is widely celebrated in both India and Nepal.

 

The first day of the festival Naraka Chaturdasi marks the vanquishing of the demon Naraka by Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama. Amavasya, the second day of Deepawali, marks the worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth in her most benevolent mood, fulfilling the wishes of her devotees.

 

Amavasya also tells the story of Lord Vishnu, who in his dwarf incarnation vanquished the tyrant Bali, and banished him to hell. Bali was allowed to return to earth once a year, to light millions of lamps to dispel the darkness and ignorance, and spread the radiance of love and wisdom.

 

It is on the third day of Deepawali Kartika Shudda Padyami that Bali steps out of hell and rules the earth according to the boon given by Lord Vishnu.

 

The fourth day is referred to as Yama Dvitiya (also called Bhai Dooj) and on this day sisters invite their brothers to their homes.

Contents

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[edit] Spiritual significance

In each legend, myth and story of Deepawali lies the significance of the victory of good over evil; and it is with each Deepawali and the lights that illuminate our homes and hearts, that this simple truth finds new reason and hope. From darkness unto light the light that empowers us to commit ourselves to good deeds, that which brings us closer to divinity.

 

During Diwali, lights illuminate every corner of India and the scent of incense sticks hangs in the air, mingled with the sounds of fire-crackers, joy, togetherness and hope. Diwali is celebrated around the globe. Outside India, it is more than a Hindu festival, it's a celebration of South-Asian identities.[4]

 

While Deepavali is popularly known as the "festival of lights", the most significant spiritual meaning is "the awareness of the inner light". Central to Hindu philosophy is the assertion that there is something beyond the physical body and mind which is pure, infinite, and eternal, called the Atman.

 

Just as we celebrate the birth of our physical being, Diwali is the celebration of this inner light, in particular the knowing of which outshines all darkness (removes all obstacles and dispels all ignorance), awakening the individual to one's true nature, not as the body, but as the unchanging, infinite, immanent and transcendent reality.

 

With the realization of the Atman comes universal compassion, love, and the awareness of the oneness of all things (higher knowledge). This brings Ananda (joy or peace).

 

 While the story behind Deepavali and the manner of celebration varies from region to region (festive fireworks, worship, lights, sharing of sweets), the essence is the same to rejoice in the Inner Light (Atman) or the underlying reality of all things (Brahman).

[edit] Dates

Deepavali is celebrated for five days according to the lunisolar Hindu Calendar. It begins in late Ashvin (between September and October) and ends in early Kartika (between October and November). The first day is Dhan Teras. The last day is Yama Dvitiya, which signifies the second day of the light half of Kartika. Each day of Deepavali marks one celebration of the six principal stories associated with the festival.[7].

Krishna and Satyabhama fighting Narakasura's armies -Painting from the Metropolitan Museum

Hindus have several significant events associated with Diwali:

  • The return of Sri Ram after 14 years of Vanvas (banishment). To welcome his return, candles were lit in rows of 20.
  • The killing of Narakasura: Celebrated as Naraka Chaturdashi, one day before Deepavali, it commemorates the killing of the evil demon Narakasura, who wreaked havoc. Krishna's wife Satyabhama killed Narakasura during the Dwapara yuga. In another version of the belief, the demon was killed by Krishna or Krishna provoked his wife Satyabhama to kill Narshna, defeating Indra.
  • Govardhan Puja is celebrated the day after Deepavali and is the day Krishna defeated Indra, the deity of thunder and rain. According to the story, Krishna saw preparations for an annual offering to Lord Indra and asked his father Nanda about it. He debated with the villagers about what their 'dharma' truly was. They were farmers, they should do their duty and concentrate on farming and protection of their cattle. He said that all human beings should do their 'karma' to the best of their ability and not pray for natural phenomenon. The villagers were convinced by Krishna, and did not proceed with the special puja (prayer). Indra was then angered, and flooded the village. Krishna lifted Mount Govardhan and held to protect the people and cattle from the rain. Indra finally accepted defeat and recognized Krishna as supreme. Although this aspect of Krishna's life is sometimes ignored[citation needed] it sets up the basis of the 'karma' philosophy later detailed in the Bhagavat Gita.
Diwali being festival of lights, across India people celebrate it via symbolic diyas or kandils (colourful paper lanterns) as an integral part of Diwali decorations.
Rangoli, decorations made from coloured powder, is popular during Diwali

Deepavali celebrations are spread over five days.[8] All the days except Diwali are named according to their designation in the Hindu calendar. The days are:

  1. Vasu Baras (27 Ashvin or 12 Krishna Paksha Ashvin): Baras means the 12th day and vasu means cow. On this day the cow and calf are worshiped.
  2. Dhanatrayodashi or Dhan teras or Dhanwantari Triodasi'[9] (28 Ashvin or 13 Krishna Paksha Ashvin): Dhan means wealth and Trayodashi means 13th day. This day falls on the 13th day of the second half of the lunar month. It is considered an auspicious day for buying utensils and gold. This day is regarded as the Jayanti of God Dhanvantri who came out during the churning of the great ocean by the gods and the demons.
  3. Naraka Chaturdashi (29 Ashvin or 14 Krishna Paksha Ashvin): Chaturdashi is the 14th day on which the demon Narakasura was killed by Krishna an incarnation of Vishnu. It signifies the victory of good over evil and light over darkness (Gujarati: Kali Chaudas, Rajasthan : Roop Chaudas). In southern India, this is the actual day of festivities. Hindus wake up before dawn, have a fragrant oil bath and dress in new clothes. They light small lamps all around the house and draw elaborate kolams /rangolis outside their homes. They perform a special puja with offerings to Krishna or Vishnu, as he liberated the world from the demon Narakasura on this day. It is believed that taking a bath before sunrise, when the stars are still visible in the sky is equivalent to taking a bath in the holy Ganges. After the puja, children burst firecrackers heralding the defeat of the demon. As this is a day of rejoicing, many will have very elaborate breakfasts and lunches and meet family and friends.
  4. Lakshmi Puja (30 Ashvin or 15 Krishna Paksha Ashvin): Lakshmi Puja marks the most important day of Diwali celebrations in North India. Hindu homes worship Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, and Ganesh, the God of auspicious beginnings, and then light lamps in the streets and homes to welcome prosperity and well-being.
  5. Bali Pratipada and Govardhan Puja (1 Kartika or 1 Shukla Paksha Kartika) : In North India, this day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja, also called Annakut, and is celebrated as the day Krishna an incarnation of god Vishnu defeated Indra and by the lifting of Govardhana hill to save his kinsmen and cattle from rain and floods. For Annakut, large quantities of food are decorated symbolizing the Govardhan hill lifted by Krishna. In Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, it is celebrated as Bali-Pratipada or Bali Padyami. The day commemorates the victory of Vishnu in his dwarf form Vamana over the demon-king Bali, who was pushed to the nether-world, and the return of Bali to earth from the nether-world. In Maharashtra, it is called as Padava or Nava Diwas (new day). Men present gifts to their wives on this day. It is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calender, in Gujarat.
  6. Bhaiduj (also Bhayyaduj, Bhaubeej or Bhayitika) (2 Kartika or 2 Shukla Paksha Kartika): on this day, brothers and sisters meet to express love and affection for each other (Gujarati: Bhai Bij, Bengali: Bhai Phota). It is based on a story when Yama, lord of Death, visited his sister Yami. Yami welcomed Yama with an Aarti and they had a feast together. Yama gave a gift to Yami while leaving as a token of his appreciation. So, the day is also called 'YAM DWITIYA'.

[edit] Lakshmi Puja

Deepavali marks the end of the harvest season in most of India. Farmers give thanks for the bounty of the year gone by, and pray for a good harvest for the year to come. Traditionally this marked the closing of accounts for businesses dependent on the agrarian cycle, and is the last major celebration before winter. Lakshmi symbolizes wealth and prosperity, and her blessings are invoked for a good year ahead.

 

There are two legends that associate the worship of Lakshmi on this day. According to the first legend, on this day, Lakshmi emerged from Kshira Sagar, the Ocean of Milk, during the great churning of the oceans, Samudra manthan.

 

The second legend (more popular in western India) relates to the Vamana avatar of the big three Vishnu, the incarnation he assumed to kill the demon king Bali. On this day, Vishnu came back to his abode the Vaikuntha; so those who worship Lakshmi receive the benefit of her benevolent mood, and are blessed with mental, physical and material well-being.[10]

 

As per spiritual references, on this day "Lakshmi-panchayatan" enters the Universe. Vishnu, Indra, Kubera, Gajendra and Lakshmi are elements of this "panchayatan" (a group of five). The tasks of these elements are:

  • Lakshmi: Divine Energy (Shakti) which provides energy to all the above activities.li>
  • Vishnu: Happiness (happiness and satisfaction)
  • Kubera: Wealth (Generosity; one who gives away wealth)
  • Indra: Opulence (satisfaction due to wealth)
  • Gajendra: Carries the wealth

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