|Humans have Knowledge to fight Natural famines....what humans need is change of Life-knowledge based humanity for fellow human beings...|
Posted by Vishva News Reporter on November 21, 2011
CHAGE OF MIND, HEART AND SPIRIT.....
...TO ELIMINATE SUFFERINGS OF FAMINE
IN THESE DAYS OF
HUMAN KNOWLEDGE-BASED ADVANCEMENT....
.....which empowers humans to
do endeavors today
that were thought of Devine Nature 5 Centuries ago....
|Please study the photo gallery and two video to
to understand the essence of
famine and famine imposed
humans and their
compare to what you have with your family in your community as a
blessing of your
And then if this Life-Knowledge creates in your and your family and your community
inspiration ....then empower your awakening and inspiration with the
news/knowledge sharing article on the next web page....
Then with your knowledge based awakening strengthened by the
milk of human kindness that is in
intrinsic in every human being.... you could and should endeavour
your best as humankind-service to change this continual suffering in
some parts of the world....
The change you could and should endeavour to bring about is not stopping
the famine at its root cause in the first instance but the human causes
of selfish life-ideology,
personal and collective greed for
power of a
minority in a community, and the
greed which is
usually envy-based of
colonialism which still exists in all humanity in a
modern form to a differing degree regardless of the "developed"
status achieved.....and which cause
wars of unfair and unjust
possession of material wealth and commerce thereof founded on
self-centered lifestyle beliefs and choices of all human
And then there is the human knowledge-engineered
solutions to make arid and famine prone lands arable and livable and as
wealthy as all other naturally habitable lands as shown in many nations
on this Planet Earth through the collective endeavors of
under its founding mandate....
And in both these endeavors if you, your family and your community could
and should remember that
in the form of Earth
and Cosmos kindly and
involuntarily give human beings sustenance without charging anything and
regardless of the diversity of
human race and its
|(The above was contributed with
a prayer for a happier tomorrow for all those who are suffering in
places such as Somalia, North Korea and others fellow life-travelers in
many nations mentioned in the article on the next web page by
Champaklal Dajibhai Mistry of
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada...simply that a little more life-sciences
knowledge has been obtained here by all of humankind.....)
Please click on the next line to continue to get life-knowledge to bring
the above prayer to reality of happiness in the entire humankind with
special urgency for those who are suffering in days to come.....
|.....AND NOW CONTIUE YOUR
.....FOR ALLEVIATING HUMAN SUFFERING
THAT CAN BE EASILY ELIMINATED.....
.....by the sharing of Thomas
Keneally's mind, heart and
|PRIOR TO READING THE THOMAS
please understand the
......2011 EAST AFRICA DRAUGHT.....
summarized below which forms the basis for Somalia Famine story....
FEWS Net projection for
crisis levels in East Africa from July to September,
based on current levels of response
and neighboring countries
||Catastrophe-level in southern Somalia;
emergency-level and crisis-level across the entire
Horn of Africa region
||July 2011 –
||Estimated over 29,000 for children under-5 in Somalia
||Up to 7.4 per 10,000 per day; up to 15.3 per 10,000 per day
for children under-5
||Severe drought; lack of humanitarian aid; insurgency
||$2.48 billion requested; $1.12 billion committed
|Impact on demographics
||More than 12.4 million affected, including 3.7 million in
Somalia, 3.5 million in Kenya and 4.6 million in Ethiopia
region. Said to be "the worst in 60 years",
the drought has caused a severe
that threatens the livelihood of more than 12 million people. Many
refugees from southern Somalia have fled to neighboring Kenya and
Ethiopia, where crowded, unsanitary conditions together with severe
have led to a large number of deaths.
Other countries in and around the
Horn of Africa,
and parts of
are also affected by a food crisis........On 20 July, the United Nations
in two regions of southern Somalia, the first time a famine has been
declared by the UN in nearly thirty years. Tens of thousands of people
are believed to have died in southern Somalia before famine was
declared. On 3 August, the UN declared famine in three other
regions of southern Somalia, citing worsening conditions and inadequate
humanitarian response. Famine was expected to spread across all regions
of the south in the following four to six weeks.
The UN has conducted several airlifts of supplies in addition to
on-the-ground assistance, but
humanitarian response to the crisis has been hindered by a severe lack
of funding for international aid coupled with
issues in the region......If the expected rains of March 2012 are good,
there is a possibility of full recovery by July or August of 2012.
Long-term strategies by national governments in conjunction with
development agencies are believed to offer the most sustainable
results.......YOU CAN HELP YOURSELF TO THE ENTIRE OVERVIEW
KNOLWEDGE BASE ON THIS TOPIC BY CLICKING
THE ABOVE STARTER KNOWLEDGE BASE.....
now continue enjoying today knowledge sharing of
Somalia's on-going political turmoil
followed by Thomas Keneally's
first of the 5 part series on
what, how, when and why of famines in present day world.....
politics of hunger, part one....focusing on Somalia Famine
....The first part of a week-long look at the crisis in
the Horn of Africa ...
Location map of Somalia
Current Political Divisions in Somali....
Somlia following the following overveiw...This
will help you to understand the Somalia Famine news story of today....
The politics of Somalia
are defined by the state of civil war which, since 1991, has divided the
country. What started out as various warring entities and autonomist and
secessionist regions fighting for control developed into a fragile
government fighting an Islamic insurgency. In 1991, Mohammed Siad Barre
fell. There was no permanent government until 2004. In 2004, a
transitional federal government was formed. This had a 5-year mandate.
The transitional federal assembly has 275-seats that has members chosen
from various clans. There are 18 administrative regions. Somalia is full
of different political parties. Due to the transitional government the
political parties make no affect on it.
At the beginning of 2007
was consolidating under the
(TFG), which recently completed a military campaign against the
Islamic Courts Union
(ICU). The Islamic Courts Union is now part of the TFG, along with the
Alliance for the
Re-liberation of Somalia
The TFG is supported by the
Until recently, it governed out of an administrative capital in
In the last days of 2006, forces of the transitional government
forces ousted the ICU from
Peace keeping forces from the
are expected to support the transitional government in its bid to
control the country.
During the war against the ICU, the
had closely aligned themselves with the TFG and the supporting Ethiopian
forces, while other former administrations such as
Juba Valley Alliance
fully integrated themselves with the TFG.
Somalia became a united independent
state on 1 July 1960 upon the merger of
which had become independent from the
five days earlier on 26 June 1960 and
which became independent from the
on 1 July to form the Somali Republic. The territory that was once
British Somaliland is the area that now forms
|I have never quite believed that simplistic formula invoked in so many
“caused by a severe
Not that there isn't a severe drought now in southern Somalia,
and parts of Kenya.. There undeniably is. Last
October to December, rains did not appear at all in the area. The
March-April rains this year were late.
My skepticism arises, though,
because I come from perhaps the driest continent on
Earth/a>, which has
suffered recurrent droughts from earliest settler experience, including
the El Nino-influenced drought that seemed to run nearly non-stop from
the early 1990s to last year. Many of our farmers were forced off land
their families had held for generations.
Race for food in famine-ravaged
Somalia There has always been
drought-induced anguish in the
Australian bush. But no one starves.
Malnutrition, undeniably, and particularly in
but no famine.
How is it the citizens of drought-stricken homelands in Somalia and the
“triangle of death”
(an area straddling Somalia, Ethiopia
and northern Kenya has been dubbed "the triangle of death." among the
many national conflict-war-torn areas also defined as "triangle of
death") have none of the guarantees my drought-stricken
It's because, as the famed aphorism of
Amartya Sen (the
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
for his contributions to
social choice theory,
and for his interest in the problems of society's poorest members)
puts it, “no famine has ever taken
place in the history of the world in` a functioning democracy.”
Similarly, an Irish friend of mine, a respected historian of famine
named Cormac Ó
Gráda, writes, “Agency is more important than a
food-production shortfall. Mars counts for more than Malthus.”
contrast to Rev. Thomas Robert Malthus, the 19th-century population
theorist who blamed overpopulation and land overuse for the
famine, Mr. Ó Gráda sees war and other human actions as the engines of
famine. His point is evident in the Horn of Africa now.
One of the affected areas of Ethiopia is, for example, the
people consider themselves kinsman of the
Somalis and are similarly
Muslim. It is in their territory that conflict between the
army and Somali rebels has occurred over recent years, with many
The central regime in Addis Ababa
has never felt kindly or acted
tenderly toward the Ogadenians anyhow, nor given them a decent share of
roads or clinics or schools. Is it a priority now to feed and care for
All famines share common qualities, a similar DNA, that reduce acts of
God like drought from real causes to mere tipping or triggering
Famines often occur where farming and grazing are suddenly
disrupted to fit some ideological plan of the leaders of the country, as
Great Leap Forward
in the 1950s, Ethiopia in the 1980s
with 1984–1985 famine and
North Korea repeated
famines since the mid-1990s.
Famines also strike in areas where people live in
malnutrition year after year. Malnutrition is a sensitivity-numbing word
– it does not capture the swollen joints, flaking skin, retarded growth,
porous and fragile bone, diminished height, lethargy and
soul that characterize it.
As it's been said, a malnourished child can still howl out; a starving
one has no strength to.
As many as 60 per cent of North Korean children aged six months to seven
years were malnourished in 2010, so they were set up to become the
victims of famine over the past year. Once again, ideology and military
priorities offer a better explanation than mere food shortage: The
regime's re-evaluation of its currency wiped out the spending power of
families, all to sustain itself and its army.
Similarly, southern Somalia, according to the
International Committee of
the Red Cross, had the highest level of child malnutrition on Earth in
July this year. A few unlucky factors, and malnutrition becomes famine.
People in that rural hinterland already lived off only a few food
staples. Among some pastoral people who survive by livestock holdings,
death of animals by June this year was reaching 60 per cent. The value
of a cow relative to how much grain a family could buy with it had
fallen by two-thirds. Grain and lentils are what farmers live off there.
As with the Irish and their buttermilk and potatoes long ago, the East
African diet is balanced on a two-legged stool.
Still, if drought were
the cause, we could just help them until the rains returned. But it's
the helping that is complicated. Climate isn't the complication; humans
Refusing aid from an ideological ‘enemy'
The Ethiopian army invaded a
civil-war-savaged Somalia in 2006 and,
after a hard-fisted occupation, installed an unpopular and only partly
successful transitional federal government. Assorted militias, such as
the oft-mentioned al-Shabab
(“the youth”), retained the hinterland,
where conflicts, raids and molestation of citizens by both sides have
been common ever since.
Al-Shabab has been driven from
Mogadishu, but it is the most commonly
cited military villain in this famine. Al-Shabab believes that many
Western agencies oppose it because of its desire to make Somalia an
Therefore, it restricts the entry of agencies and non-governmental
organizations into its area to those it considers neutral –
and Red Crescent in particular. It rules out the
World Food Program
UNICEF and agencies such as
CARE. It has created its own Office for the
Supervision to Regulate the Affairs of Foreign Agencies.
There is denial that famine actually exists too..
“The UN wants Somalia to be in famine,” a spokesman, Ali ohamud Rage,
has said. “They want push pressure on us through such calls.
We agree that there is hunger in some areas, but there is no
famine in Somalia.”
Agencies and aid bodies are not always without their flaws, , but it is
al-Shabab, not drought, that stands between the starving and the food.
Al-Shabab not only threatens aid workers but tries to prevent and punish
refugees who try to cross into so-called Christian countries such as
Ethiopia and Kenya.
It must be terrifying for the men, women and children now trying to get
into Kenya to find themselves surrounded by militia men emerging from
the thorn trees.
transitional federal government in Mogadishu an improvement or
another face of the problem?
It seems that it is either too venal or too powerless to prevent the
plunder of aid food.
Joakim Gundul, a Kenyan assessor of aid results, says, “While helping
starving people, you are also feeding the power groups who make a
business out of the disaster. … You're saving people's lives today so
they can die tomorrow.”
How the new honesty might backfire...
It seems to me that in earlier famines, this issue of human agency has
not been nearly as honestly and openly discussed by journalists and
officials. K'naan, the famed multitalented Canadian Somali, is rightly
appalled at what he sees as a slow reaction of the world to this crisis,
but the question arises whether the greater honesty about human blame is
slowing the response.
The vigour and enthusiasm that came into play in the West's reaction to
the Ethiopian famines of the early 1980s has not yet appeared.
Aid to Ethiopia lagged in the early phases of that famine too. The West
was dubious about then-president
Mengistu Haile Mariam's closeness to
the Soviets until BBC and CBC footage, combined with the involvement of
rock stars and telethons, shamed governments into increasing the flow of
And not only governments: A farmer from Guelph, Ont., Fred Benson,
galvanized by the news from Ethiopia, gave his 107-acre farm to a
Mennonite aid agency for the sake of people whose faces he had never
Yet it wasn't much discussed at the time that Mr. Mengistu was arming
his troops for a so-called Red Star offensive against the Eritrean
rebels with expensive Russian armaments bought with the substance of his
With my own eyes, at the time, I saw the astonishing quantities of arms
and aircraft he had brought to Eritrea, when I was caught unexpectedly
for the better part of the week in a besieged town named Nacfa in the
As an Eritrean minder told me, “He's blowing schools and clinics out of
the mouth of his cannon.”
At the same time, Mr. Mengistu was putting great emphasis on celebrating
the 10th anniversary of his regime, such that Addis Ababa became a
Disneyland of Stalinist achievement in the midst of a hungering
Few voices were raised to tell us all this, or to tell us about the
forced resettlement of millions into unfamiliar country. If we had known
it all, would Fred Benson have been as generous? Would there have been a
For us today, unfortunately, this
Horn of Africa famine
is another in a string of almost expected events. We expect that the world will get some
emergency aid there. We feel as if we have heard the whole story before.
Yet it is an utterly fresh and terrifying experience for the people of
the “triangle.” They have tried every way of survival. They have skimped
at meals, have seen what crops they could grow wither and have lost
their livestock or tried to sell them in a glutted market.
the grain shortage sends prices up, and even encourages hoarding by
merchants, while in their huts farmers face the massive question of
whether they should eat next year's seed crop, one of the final acts of
These starving have looked for eyes of undigested grain in cow manure;
they have foraged for wild foods, , yehub nuts and berries, in competition
with their neighbours. Any family jewellery has been sold. Many starving
women probably have been forced to make a Sophie's choice, whether to
feed a child likely to die or one not already sick.
And as they slide toward starvation, the devastation of their immune
systems will attract assaults by opportunist bacteria. There's no sense
of banal repetition in their struggles.
Perhaps we must try a new w theorem: to try to
get the Somalis and the
Ethiopians fed precisely because their governments have not yet created
societies in which supply and support are taken for granted.
Aid agencies could be given breaks from endless pie charts about
administration costs and aid delivery per donor dollar and stop
pretending that they will be permitted to go everywhere they like and to
do all the good they can. They should simply invite us into the general
struggle to deliver aid as energetically, cleverly and well as the
malign circumstances on the desolate ground permit them.
As for the regimes, Mr. Sen's statement glimmers like a tinsel promise,
an undeniable though not immediately useful tool, out there in what aid
workers call “the field.”
BBut in approaching that dilemma – how to make regimes behave – I have
moved far into “wiser-heads-than-mine” territory. And by the time we
solved it, there would be millions dead in Africa.
supplement your knowledge acquiring from the above entire life-sciences
with hyperlinked words (just click on them)
to transcend your life-understanding with
paradigm shift through simply more life-sciences knowledge....
....Now continue learning related knowledge
how humans who are fortunate not to suffer famines
look at famine on this Planet Earth
how they endeavour to deal with
reducing the famine suffering in the lands of famine....
|.>.strong>.....NOW KEEP ON LEARNING ABOUT
.....ANCIENT PROSPERITY AND
CONFLICTS AND FAMINES IN SOMALIA
ruined cities and
Wargaade Wall littered in Somalia are evidence of an ancient
sophisticated civilization that once thrived in the Somali peninsula.
The findings of archaeological excavations and research in Somalia show
that this civilization had an ancient
writing system that remains undeciphered,
and enjoyed a lucrative trading relationship with
Ancient Egypt and
Mycenaean Greece since at least the
second millennium BC, which supports evidence of Somalia being the
Land of Punt.
The Puntites "traded not only in their own produce of
short-horned cattle, but also in goods from other neighboring
According to the temple reliefs at
Deir el-Bahari, the Land of Punt was ruled at that time by King
Parahu and Queen Ati.
Ancient Somalis domesticated the
somewhere between the
and second millennium
from where it spread to Ancient Egypt and
the city states of
and Tabae in Somalia developed a lucrative trade network connecting with
They used the ancient Somali maritime vessel known as the
to transport their cargo.
and the Roman naval presence at
merchants by agreement barred
ships from trading in the free port cities of the
to protect the interests of Somali and Arab merchants in the extremely
However, Indian merchants continued to trade in the port cities of the
which was free from Roman interference.
Indian merchants for centuries brought large quantities of
to Somalia and Arabia. This is said to have been the best kept secret of
the Arab and Somali merchants in their trade with the
world. The Romans and Greeks believed the source of cinnamon to have
been the Somali peninsula, but in reality, the highly valued product was
brought to Somalia by way of Indian ships.
Through collusive agreement by Somali and Arab traders, Indian/Chinese
cinnamon was also exported for far higher prices to North Africa, the
which made the cinnamon trade a very profitable revenue generator,
especially for the Somali merchants through whose hands large quantities
were shipped across ancient sea and land routes.
to read the entire history of Somalia and how it
is as it today...
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