Posted by Champaklal Dajibhai Mistry on May 13, 2002

vaishaakh maas starts today bringing a lot of vedik celebrations. These celebrations remind us of brhmah, our creator. brhmah has infinite manifestations in the form of these universes we know and do not know. We have been given various naam (name) and ruup (form) to brhmah's manifestations in the form of creation we see and do not see. 

All the entities in creation from brahmaa-dev to an atom is the manifestation of brhmah. brhmah is unmanifested. brhmah through his shaktio (powers) of omniscience, omnipotence and omnipresence pervades, animates, sustains all that is created.  brhmah also gives laya (dissolution back into the creator) to all created. laya is the repeated cycles of birth and death or pralay at the end of 4.32 billion year creation cylce when everything is dissolves back into brahmaa-dev or mahaa-pralay at the end of 3.11 trillion year creation cycle when everything including brahmaa-dev is dissolved back into brhmah.....

The sustenance of all created is based on dharma. dharma is the operating system which makes all creations co-exist in harmony. dharma operates conforming to the cosmic and universal laws called ritt and is guided by satya (truth). dharma is like Microsoft operating system. No computer can operate without an operating system; so is dharma's role in creation. brhmah safeguards dharma continuously and eternally. This safeguarding sometimes needs for brhmah to manifest directly in the form of a creation....such  manifestation is called an avtaar. brhmah takes an avataar through visnu-dev whose function is to safeguard dharma when it is threatened to destruction....which could mean destruction of the universe....

Prajaapati Vishva Aashram Foundation (PVAF)  is proud today to start a series on dharma and vishnu-dev's avataar to safeguard and uphold dharma... dharma one of the vital ingredients of shrddhaa (faith)  among vedik peoples....shraddhaa in bhagvaan or brhmah or ishvar or par-maat-maa or prabhu.....that without shrddhaa in bhagvaan it is futile to live....or one lives in futility.....

Please continue reading in the main story......Part 1 of 13. 

In shreemad bhagvad giitaa shree krishna-bhagvaan says to arjun in slok 4.7 and 4.8:

“ Oh bhaarat (arjun)! Whenever dharma declines and adharma predominates then, I manifest Myself  for the protection of good and for the destruction of the wicked and for the firm re-establishment of dharma. I am born in yug after yug.”

According to above, brhmah, who is normally unmanifest,  manifest itself on this earth as an avataar (incarnation) of vishnu-dev. brhmah takes an avataar when adharmik activities by creations including humans reach a point where it is about to destroy dharma and harm or destroy the creation in turn. brhmah knows when to take an avataar as brhmah is omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. However, usually so many in creation, including devo and devio, request brhmah's help through vishnu-dev.

In the present cycle of creation there has been nine principal avataar of vishnu-dev. The tenth principal avataar of vishnu-dev is forecast towards the end of the present kali-yug

There are several other secondary avataar of brhmah - some of which are: 

  • four sanant kumar who are mind born sons of brahmaa-dev

  • naarad-muni who is mind born son of brahmaa-dev,

  • nar and naaraayan as muni and born as a brhmah's blessing to rishi markandey,

  • kapilaa-muni as a philosopher of gnan (knowledge) and bhakti,

  • dattaatrey-muni as the son of one of the first created sapta-rushi aatri

  • yagna who replaced indra-dev for a time period, 

  • rsabha-dev raajaa who was a teacher who demonstrated and defined the meaning of bhakti and tapas to humans who are in gruhastha a ashram. gruhastha aashram is one of the 4 periods in a human's life from the time one finishes studies and gets married to the time one finishes raising children -about 50 years old. The other three life aashram are: brahma-chaarya-aashram from birth to finish of studies; vanaspar-aashram from the end of gruhastha-aashram when one gives of all the obligations and duties of gruhastha-aashram to one's sons; and sanyaasi-aashram from the end of vanaspar-aashram to one dies during which one devotes time to bhakti and tapas and teaches others about ved and life.

  • prathu raajaa who showed how a king could mix bhakti and kingship to the benefit of all. prathu was also the first human and a king to organize a country into villages and towns,

  • dhanvantari who was born out of the churning of kshir-saagar (celestial ocean of milk) during vishnu's 2nd avataar as kurma (tortoise). dhanvantari was the proto-physician who gave humans the science of medicine for the first time, 

  • mohini-murit, the only female avataar manifested to retrieve by seduction the amrut (nectar of immortality) from the asuraao during vishnu's 2nd avataar as kurma,

  • vyaas-muni who split ved into 4 parts for the humans from shruti and with ganesh-daadaa as his scribe and was the author of purano and maha-bhaarat,

  • bal-raam who was the brother of shree krishna-bhagvaan - which was the 8th avataar of vishnu-dev. 

The vedik concept of time in terms of yug and its time duration and the characteristics of each yug is described in details in other articles in VED pages on this website. Of the four yug, the end of present Kali-yug, which is the last of the yug in this mahaa-yug (a cycle of four yugo) is some 429,000 years away. The universe is in the 3103rd year of kali-yug in 2002 AD. kali-yug is the time span according to ved when dharma is has only one foot out of normal four to stand on and has thus reached its lowest strength. In the first of the four yug in a mahaa-yug, which is satva-yug dharma has four feet which means dharma is at its full strength and humans live by dharma only. In the following tetra-yug, dharma stands on three feet meaning, due to lessening strength of dharma humans are becoming less dharmik than in satya-yug. In the following dvapara-yug, dharma rests only on two feet, which means humans are living less and less by dharma and more and more by adharma. In kali-yug the humans live mainly by adharma. The definition of living by adharma in kali-yug was predicted in vishnu puran and the life style of adharma was described as follows:

kali-yug is the age when society reaches a stage where 
 property gives rank and position of eminence to humans;
 possession of wealth becomes the only means of being sad-gun (virtuous) and performing sad-karma (virtuous deeds);
 kaam (passion in the form of  lust) is the only bond of union between husband and wife;
 a-satya (non-truth) the only means of success in life;  
 kaam (in the form of sex) the only means of enjoyment; and 
 when outer physicality of life is confused with inner spirituality based on dharma. "

We can see that the above is just about true everywhere in the materialistic world. vishnu puran was compiled by vyaas-muni some 4000 years ago.

The 9 avataar of vishnu in the order they were manifested are as follows. The 10th avataar forecast is alos listed: 

  1. matsya-avataar (fish)

  2. kurma-avtaar (tortoise)

  3. varah-avataar (boar)

  4. narsinh-avataar (half man and half lion)

  5. vaaman-avataar (midget)

  6. parashu-raam-avataar (raam with axe)

  7. raam-avataar

  8. krishna-avataar

  9. buddha-avataar (Prince siddhartha gautam) and 

  10. kalki-avtaar ( will be at the end of kali-yug)

The ten avataaro of vishnu-dev are described in detail in shreemad bhagvatam. shreemad bhagvatam is also called bhagavati puraan. bhagvat puraan expounds some of the six schools interpreting ved philosophy such as samkya, yog, vedanata, etc. bhagvat puraan brings together the concepts of gnan (knowledge) and bhakti (devotion) to brhmah in order to know one's aatmaa through self-knowledge. This in turn leads to the knowledge of brhmah and moksh (liberation from sansaar). bhagvat puraan also contains in the eleventh canto entitled uddhava giitaa which is the last message of shree krishna given to his friend and attendant uddhava on the day of his departure from human form in the 9th avataar of vishnu-dev. uddhava giitaa simplifies a the essence of ved and dharma preached by shree krishna to arjun in shreemad bhagvad giitaa.

The genesis, time and the purpose of each of the nine avataaro of vishnu-dev in this mahaa-yug of 4.32 million years as extracted from shreemad bhagvatam will be posted in the following days.........may bhagvaan bless us that we will able to post, read and study these avataaro as part of our ved study on this web site of Prajaapati Vishva Aashram Foundation (PVAF).....

There are 1 additional comments.

#1 Posted by saurabh pathak on 9/30/2002
Kaliyuga started in 3102 BC so we are 5000 years into kali yug.


Send your news items to be posted to

If you have any questions or comments about this web site, send mail to Bhavin Mistry.    
© 1997-2003 Prajaapati Vishva Aashram Foundation.    
Site Design by Helios Logistics Inc.