|GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE: HIGHLIGHTS|
Posted by Vishva News Reporter on January 26, 2001
‒ Buildings shook for more than 2 minutes during the quake.
‒ Over 83 aftershocks, several measuring up to 5.6 magnitude, in the 10 hours after the quake.
‒ The 7.9 magnitude temblor in western Gujarat state, close to the border with Pakistan, caused high-rise buildings to sway from New Delhi, 600 miles the north, to Calcutta, 1,200 miles to the west. It was felt in Nepal and in Bangladesh
‒ Sept. 30, 1993: LATUR, MAHARASHTRA STATE: 10,000 killed and thousands injured in a quake with a magnitude of 6.
‒ February 2, 1556:.SHAANXI, CENTRAL CHINA: The most murderous recorded quake in history killed an estimated 830,000 people.
‒ THE NATIONAL EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION CENTER, USA locates about 12,000 to 14,000 earthquakes worldwide each year, or 35 a day on average.
EARTH DAMAGE REPORT:
‒ BHUJ: The epicenter was near Bhuj, a desert town of 150,000 people, at least 1,000 people killed and 90 percent of the houses damaged.
‒ AHMEDABAD: a textile city of 4.5 million; more than 50 multistory buildings collapsed and at least 270 people killed. About 70 children and some teachers were feared dead in the debris of their school building.
‒ SURAT: reported at least 31 dead.
‒ ALLAHABAD, UTTAR PRADESH: KUMBHMELA SITE: Millions at the world’’s largest religious gathering, more than 1,000 miles east of the epicenter, felt the ground sway under them. No injuries were reported.
‒ JAISALMER FORT, RAJASTHAN: the eight-century, a popular tourist attraction, was damaged. Some of the distinctive yellow stones supporting the gate fell and the walls developed cracks.
‒ 220-MEGAWATT NUCLEAR PLANTS IN GUJARAT: No damage to the two power plants.
‒ GUJARAT INFRASTRUCTURE: Gas pipelines, most power supply stations, phone lines and water service were knocked out in Gujarat.
RELIEF MEASURES ON THE WAY:
‒ INDIAN GOVERNMENT: flying in 10,000 tents, 10,000 tons of grain, 20 doctors and surgeons, communications and seismology experts to Gujarat. At least four planes carrying soldiers, paramedics, food, medicine and tents landed at Bhuj’’s Air Force base.
‒ THE RICHTER SCALE: is used to measure the magnitude of earthquakes, as determined by seismograph measurements of the height of ground oscillations during an earthquake. Because the scale is based on a logarithm, every whole-number step in the scale represents about 31 times more energy than the amount represented by the preceding whole number value. The Richter scale has no upper limit; the largest known earthquakes have magnitudes in the 8.8 to 8.9 range
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