Posted by Vishva News Reporter on October 13, 2003

Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939), Austrian physician, neurologist, and founder of psychoanalysis was the first man in the western world to attempt to explain the phenomenon of dreaming which every human experiences every day....Since then Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist, who founded the analytical school of psychology tried to continue what Freud had investigated....Gestalt Theoreticists have tried to explain dreams but nobody in the domain of western science really know what, why and how of dreams and dreaming....

 To read about what dreams mean from the article in Globe and Mail which you can click on the preceding red hilite to read or read by clicking on the next line....but to know what veD = SCIENCES OF CREATION AND LIFE tells us about dreams click on TODAY'S VED LESSON on the left side of the screen or the preceding red hilited page title or click on the TODAY VED LESSON and visit the archive item dated October 13, 2003 titled: "YOUR aatmaa IN YOUR BODY:....HAS 3 STATES...jaagrut (WAKING), s`vp`n (DREAM) AND suSHUp`ti (DEEP SLEEP)"

Dreams: what we know

"Dreams are always just a little ahead of what's in our conscious mind, which makes them fascinating on many levels," says Veronica Tonay, a psychology instructor at the University of California and author of Every Dream Interpreted. Most people remember an average of one or two dreams a week, she adds, and about 60 per cent of dreams are unpleasant. Prof. Tonay says research supports four theories about the relationship of dreams to waking life:

  • Dream behaviour reflects waking-life behaviour (as Freud postulated)
  • Dream content reflects preoccupations from waking life (Calvin Hall)
  • Feelings in dreams tend to be those we are unaware of in waking life (Jung)
  • All parts of dreams reflect the dreamer (Gestalt theorists)

Let's talk nightmares

A nightmare is frequently defined as a long, frightening dream that wakes the dreamer. Some studies say only disturbing dreams that actually wake the sleeper up should be termed nightmares, while worrying dreams which do not cause the dreamer to wake should be termed bad dreams.

People have more bad dreams than they realize, but in most cases don't remember them, reports dream expert and psychologist Mark Blagrove of Swansea University in Britain.

Nightmares are especially frightening to a young child who has not learned what's real and what's make-believe. Also, children tend to fear very different things at different ages, says Joanne Cantor, author of Mommy, I'm Scared: How TV and Movies Frighten Children . . . For instance, nasty animals, grotesque images and monsters will terrify two- to seven-year-olds. Between 8 and 12, kids fear violence to themselves or to their peers, while teens seem most vulnerable to stories featuring sexual assault or alien/occult characters.

"Nightmares are annoying, but not particularly worrisome from a medical perspective," writes Dr. Herschel Lessin of Poughkeepsie, N.Y. "Night terrors are quite a different thing. The key difference . . . is that children with night terrors are not really awake. They may look awake and do things that awake people do, but the reality is: They are still asleep while doing those activities. Night terrors are very scary to watch for parents. The child is absolutely terrified and inconsolable. It is also nearly impossible to wake the child up during an episode."

Thought du jour

"I have encountered few truly prophetic dreams in my practice [as a psychotherapist], but I have seen many that seemed to say to the dreamer: If you continue along this particular path, it will probably give rise to such and such outcome." -- William Alex in Dreams, the Unconscious and Analytical Therapy (1973)

Social Studies By: MKesterton@globeandmail.ca

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