Posted by Champaklal Dajibhai Mistry on October 10, 2004

Cross-legged posture. See also: Lotus Position

Half an hour's meditation each day is essential,
except when you are busy.
Then a full hour is needed.

In our
duties we must work calmly and with composure,
performing them as
promptly as possible
and as
as we can.

- St. Francis deSales (1567-1622)

On this PVAF web site the primary dedication is to empower all humanity to have knowledge of creation and life and then to empower humanity to use the acquired knowledge of creation and life to the live the life one wishes to but in harmonious co-existence with the rest of the humanity ad all the creations.


The answer is the same as what knowledge do one needs to become a heart surgeon. You would not let a heart surgeon operate on you unless he has been educated, trained and then given enough practice to perform live surgeries on humans. Well then, what gives you a sense of safety and no-fear and a power to succeed in life....what gives a sense that you even can have a life if no body has given you the knowledge about life and the knowledge about all humans and creations you live with. Please do not get confused with your degree or education of any level from current universities...they only prepare you to earn a living and they do not prepare you to live a life....

It obviously is a no-brainer must get the knowledge of life and creation to live a life of your choice but with the correct science which will empower you to make rational and reasoned decisions in life and about life issues.....and also empower you to conduct and behave in life according to the universal science of ethics, morality, fairness, co-existence, self-respect for what you are and as you are and respect for others as they are....and to the rules and regulations of DHARm which has a basic and starting rule of :


In order to start getting the knowledge of sciences of life and creation follow the veDik advice of St. Francis de Sales:


So then you would ask WHAT IS MEDITATION?

Please click on the next line to enlighten and empower yourself to live a life knowing what life is......


On PVAF web site there is a lot of information on meditation in the archives of AASHRAM NEWS, on VEDA page, TODAY'S PRAYER and TODAY'S VED LESSON pages....Please kindly empower yourself to MEDITATE by seriously studying this knowledge just like you would want your heart surgeon to be well educated and trained to perform surgery on your heart when something goes wrong with your heart..... and these days the chances are increasing of having a malfunctioning heart with living a life without MEDITATION....You can also get a quick primer on MEDITATION from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia by continuing to read this reading and .....

And then to continue following the thoughts in the quote by St. Francis de Sales (1567-1622) at the start of your reading of this item please follows his advice: "In our duties we must work calmly and with composure, performing them as promptly as possible and as well as we can.".....But life experiences of many wise men and women tells us that this mode of performing life duties is not possible without first starting the MEDITATION....

For St. Francis de Sales these thoughts must have been natural because the humanity in his time in the 16th and 17th century did not have the UN-MEDITATED lifestyle because humanity still had faith in GOD or CREATOR or whatever name you have for that supreme one of all human-based belief systems who has the ultimate power to create you, sustain you and then de-create and re-create you....but the faith of the present day humanity is in the MIGHTY DOLLAR AND THE WEALTH IT was forecasted by viSHANu puran to happen as the present veDik time era called kli-yug strengthens its aDHaaARmik mode of lifestyle in its 5106th year of its total of 429,0000 years time span.....

Now if you are new to MEDIATION  continue to read to have a 10-minute primer on MEDITATION from Wikipedia, the free on-line web knowledge encyclopedia......also you can acquaint with St. Francis de Sales at the end of the Wikepedia reading......



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Meditation usually refers to a state of extreme relaxation and concentration, in which the body is generally at rest and the mind quieted of surface thoughts. Several major religions include ritual meditation; however, meditation itself need not be a religious or spiritual activity. Most of the more popular systems of meditation are of Eastern origin.

Another form of meditation is more closely akin to prayer and worship, wherein the practitioner turns spiritual thoughts over in the mind and engages the brain in higher thinking processes. The goal in this case is the receipt of spiritual insights and new understanding.

From the point of view of psychology, meditation can induce — or is itself — an altered state of consciousness.

Contents [hide]

Strategies common to many forms

Cross-legged posture. See also: Lotus Position
Cross-legged posture. See also: Lotus Position

Meditation generally involves discounting wandering thoughts and fantasies, and calming and focusing the mind. Meditation does not necessarily require effort and can be experienced as "just happening". Physical postures include sitting cross-legged, standing, lying down, and walking (sometimes along designated floor patterns). Quiet is often desirable, and some people use repetitive activities such as deep breathing, humming or chanting to help induce a meditative state.

Meditation can be done with the eyes closed (as long as one does not fall asleep), or with the eyes open: focusing the eyes on a certain point of an object or image, and keeping the eyes constantly looking at that point.


Purposes of meditation

The purposes for which people meditate vary almost as widely as practices. It may serve simply as a means of relaxation from a busy daily routine, or even as a means of gaining insight into the nature of reality or of communing with one's God. Many have found improved concentration, awareness, self-discipline and equanimity through meditation. The disciplined self-cultivation aspect of meditation plays a central role in Taoism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Buddhism. Generally, there is religious meditation, where one meditates to commune with or on the Divine, and focus meditation, where one meditates to improve health or mental faculties. Very often there is significant overlap between these two positions in many meditative traditions.



In the Samadhi or Shamatha, or concentrative, techniques of meditation, the mind is kept closely focused on a particular word, image, sound, person, or idea. This form of meditation is often found in Hindu and Buddhist traditions (especially the Pure Land school), as well as in Christianity (Gregorian chant, for example), Jewish Kabbalah, and in some modern metaphysical schools.


Mindful awareness traditions

Vipassana and anapanasati are parts of the broader notion of mindful awareness, which is part of the Noble Eightfold Path, the ultimate goal in Buddhism that leads to Enlightenment, and expounded upon in the Satipatthana sutta. While in anapanasati meditation the attention is focused on the breath, in vipassana the mind is instead trained to be acutely aware of not only breathing, but all things that one comes to experience.

The concept of vipassana works in believing that the meditator's mind will eventually take note of every physical and mental experience "real-time" or as it happens, the goal being that it will gradually reveal to the practitioner how one's mind unknowingly attaches itself to things that are impermanent in nature. Thus, when such things cease to exist, one experiences the suffering from its loss. This in turn can gradually free one's mind from the attachment to the impermanent that is the root of suffering. In other words, in vipassana (insight, or seeing things as they are) meditation, the mind is trained to notice each perception or thought that passes without "stopping" on any one. This is a characteristic form of meditation in Buddhism.

However, in at least some forms of vipassana, one does not attend to whatever perceptions arise, but purposely moves one's attention over their body part by part, checking for perceptions, being aware and equanimous with them, and moving on. This form of meditation has some resemblance with "choiceless awareness" — the kind of meditation that J. Krishnamurti addressed.


Christian meditation

Jesus, according to the New Testament, often left his apostles and the crowds to distance himself in the wilderness areas of Palestine to engage in long periods of spiritual meditation and fasting wherein he is reported to have communicated with God. The 40 days following his baptism were spent in such a manner. Christian traditions have varying approaches to the subject of meditation, but they are especially to be found in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic traditions, often associated with monastic practises.


Health applications of meditation

Meditation has entered the mainstream of health care as a method of stress and pain reduction. For example, in an early study in 1972, transcendental meditation was shown to effect the human metabolism by lowering the biochemical byproducts of stress, such as lactate (lactic acid), and by decreasing heart rate and blood pressure and inducing favorable brain waves. (Scientific American 226: 84-90 (1972))

As a method of stress reduction, meditation is often used in hospitals in cases of chronic or terminal illness to reduce complications associated with increased stress including a depressed immune system. There is a growing consensus in the medical community that mental factors such as stress significantly contribute to a lack of physical health, and there is a growing movement in mainstream science to fund and do research in this area (e.g. the establishment by the NIH in the U.S. of 5 research centers to research the mind-body aspects of disease.)

Dr. James Austin, a neurophysiologist at the University of Colorado, reported that Zen meditation rewires the circuitry of the brain in his landmark book Zen and the Brain. This has been confirmed using sophisticated imaging techniques which examine the electrical activity of the brain.

Dr. Herbert Benson of the Mind-Body Medical Institute, which is affiliated with Harvard and several Boston hospitals, reports that meditation induces a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body collectively referred to as the "relaxation response." The relaxation response includes changes in metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and brain chemistry.

The meditative aspects of T'ai Chi Ch'uan and some forms of yoga have also become increasingly popular as means of healthful stress management in recent years.


Specific traditions

  • Hinduism's two major meditative traditions evolved with the schools of Yoga and Vedanta, two of the six limbs of Hindu philosophy.
  • Theravada Buddhist practice involves both Samadhi and Vipassana, as well as the developing of "loving kindness" (Metta).
  • Mahayana Buddhism practices various forms of Dhyana (Chan or Zen), visualizations, prayer and chanting.
  • There are religious meditations associated with Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
  • Taoism has a long history of meditative studies.
  • Many martial arts schools teach forms of meditation, especially based on Buddhist or Taoist models.

See also


External links



  • Matthew Flickstein and Bhante Henepola Gunaratana. (1998) Journey to the Center: A Meditation Workbook. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86-171141-6
  • John Daishin Buksbazen, Peter Matthiessen (Foreword). (2002) Zen Meditation in Plain English. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86-171316-8
  • Meditation The First And Last Freedom, by Osho
  • Kamalashila, Meditation: The Buddhist Way of Tranquillity and Insight, Windhorse Publications, 1996. ISBN 1-899579-05-2
  • James Austin, Zen and the Brain, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999, ISBN 0262511096




St. Francis of Sales
Alban Butler

Francis was born of noble and pious parents, near Annecy, 1566, and studied with brilliant success at Paris and Padua. On his return from Italy he gave up the grand career which his father had marked out for him in the service of the state, and became a priest.

When the Duke of Savoy had resolved to restore the Church in the Chablais, Francis offered himself for the work, and set out on foot with his Bible and breviary and one companion, his cousin Louis of Sales. It was a work of toil, privation, and danger. Every door and every heart was closed against him. He was rejected with insult and threatened with death.

But nothing could daunt or resist him, and ere long the Church burst forth into a second spring. It is stated that he converted 72,000 Calvinists. He was then compelled by the Pope to become Coadjutor Bishop of Geneva, and succeeded to the see in 1602.

At times the exceeding gentleness with which he received heretics and sinners almost scandalized his friends, and one of them said to him, "Francis of Sales will go to Paradise, of course; but I am not so sure of the Bishop of Geneva: I am almost afraid his gentleness will play him a shrewd turn."

"Ah," said the Saint, "I would rather account to God for too great gentleness than for too great severity. Is not God all love? God the Father is the Father of mercy; God the Son is a Lamb; God the Holy Ghost is a Dove -- that is, gentleness itself. And are you wiser than God?"

In union with St. Jane Frances of Chantal he founded at Annecy the Order of the Visitation, which soon spread over Europe. Though poor, he refused provisions and dignities, and even the great see of Paris. He died at Avignon, 1622.

Reflection. -- "You will catch more flies," St. Francis used to say, "with a spoonful of honey than with a hungred barrels of vinegar. Were there anything better or fairer on earth than gentleness, Jesus Christ would have taught it us; and yet He has given us only two lessons to learn of Him -- meekness and humility of heart."

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