Posted by Vishva News Reporter on March 18, 2005

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From BBC NEWS: By Ramdutt Tripathi in Lucknow: June 20, 2000

Indian archaeologists say that gold treasure found early this month in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh could be highly significant.

The treasure belongs to the Indus Valley civilization and may be about 5,000 years old.

A farmer in the village of Mandi in Muzaffarnagar district found the treasure while leveling his field.

Archaeologists are now planning a proper excavation of the site, in the hope of finding more about the lost civilization of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro.

Map of UP

26-year old Ramesh Chand Dhiman, , made a 3.12 mm scissors and 4.50 mm razor in 5 hrs and 24 hrs respectively without using any magnifying glass or machine.

Please click on the next line to continue reading this newly discovered 5000 year history of veDik civilization in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India which lies in the Harappan civilization....it is likely that the 18-day mHaabhaart war was fought there which took a life toll of 1.7 billion soldiers and their kings.....


Accidental discovery

The treasure was in some containers found buried in the field.

It is believed that a part of the treasure was removed by the land owners and other villagers.

Later, the authorities managed to recover about 10kg of the jewellery.

A joint team of the state's Department of Archaeology (DoA) and the federal Archaeological Survey of India inspected the materials.

Precious jewellery

DoA Director Rakesh Tewari said the jewellery found from the site comprises mainly beads made of gold, banded agate, onyx and other semi-precious stones.

Two copper containers, one circular in shape and the other rectangular, were also found.

Mr Tewari says that this material is comparable to the jewellery found from the Harappan phase of Lothal and Mohenjo-daro.

There are several sites related to the Indus Valley civilization in Pakistan and India, but Mr Tewari says this is the first time that such a huge quantity of gold jewellery has been recovered .

Archaeological significance

This also means that the area of the Indus civilization is much larger than previously presumed.

In his report to the government, Mr Tewari has emphasized that the new site is of great archaeological significance.

He has recommended further investigation of the Mandi village site.

The report also says that the residents of Mandi village are curious about the gold and may try to dig the site up again.

The district administration has deployed the police force to protect the site.

(from MUZZAFFARNAGAR web site)

In pages of history and revenue records SARVAT was known as pargana which was given as JAGIR to one of the chieftains named SAIYED MUZAFFARKHAN by emperor SHAHJHAN. He founded the city of Muzaffarnagar in 1633 with lands of KHERA & SUJRU. His project was completed by his son MUNAWAR LASHKAR KHAN who in turn named the city after his father MUZAFFARKHAN.

But recent finding of archeological site at village MANDI (Tehsil SADAR) in west of river KALI takes the roots of district Muzaffarnagar to HARAPPAN civilization. Hordes of gold ring like objects and other precious stones prove that the site was the part of mature HARAPPAN culture and also important center of trade during ancient times. More excavations are being carried out by Archeological Survey of India and in near future better picture will emerge from these findings.

Proximity with HASTINAPUR and KURUKSHEHTRA indicates that this district was hub of activities during the MAHABHARAT era. With exceptions of few findings of GREECO-ROMAN coins, there is hardly any direct mention of the region for a long period of time. But with strategic location of MUZAFFAR NAGAR, it can be safely presumed that there were a lot of political as well as economic activities here. RAJPUTS, TAGAS and BRAHMINS dominated the area according to C.H.NEVILLE, I.C.S. in his compilation of Muzaffarnagar Gazetteer. Later JATS replaced the TAGAS.

Persian literature has mention of the place during TIMUR's invasion of India. A large number of Hindus gathered at BHOKAR HERI on the banks of river GANGA to resist his armies according to TIMUR. But unorganized Hindu force were defeated by him in year 1399.


Photo Gallery of Mugal Era

(Tomb of wife of Sayed Munawar Lashkar Khan S/O Sayed Muzaffar Khan (founder of the district) built circa 1633)

Later on this district was adopted by the SAIYEDS of different clans. During Mughal period this area became a favorite resort of royal nobles of Mughal court and many of them obtained JAGIRS here.

The history of BARHA SAIYEDS is intimately connected with this district. But the derivation of word BARHA is very uncertain. The TIHANPURI SAIYEDS, JAGNERI SAIYEDS ,CHATTAURI family and the KUNDLIWAL family were famous families of Muzaffarnagar. In later part of Mughal era famous SAIYED brothers HASAN and ABDULLA became KING MAKERS. The period of 1707 to 1720 was their prime time. But after fall of SAIYED brothers the political scenario changed and Muzaffarnagar was plundered by SIKHS and other adventurers. Soon the British established themselves in India and 1826 Muzaffarnagar became a revenue district of EAST INDIA COMPANY regime.



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